February 10, 2002

Algonquian is a language group, not a tribe of Indians


“Algonquian” is a language group, not a tribe of Indians, although many Indian tribes speak one of the algonquian dialects.

There are 6800 known languages spoken in the 191 countries of the world. Fewer than 1,000 have writing systems (the others are only spoken) and currently over 260 are represented by on-line dictionaries. 

The Algonquian speaking Indians are a widespread group of Indians who all speak languages closely related to one another.

The Algonquian language group is one of the largest groups of native american languages. This article is an overview to the languages of the Algonquian language family, with links to information on each language and the American Indian people who speak it.

Indians that speak one of the many Algonquian languages lived across eastern North America from the Atlantic coast to the Rocky Mountains and from northern Canada to the Carolinas.

The Algonquian language group includes the following tribes:

Algonquian (Algic) Language Family

Spoken in the northern US and Canada, Algonquian languages include:

  • Central

  • Cree

  • Attikamekw
  • Cree
  • Michif(Cree-French creole)
  • Montagnais (Innu-aimun)
  • Naskapi
  • Ojibwa

  • Algonkin
  • Ojibwe (Chippewa, Anishinabemowin)
  • Kickapoo
  • Menomini
  • Mesquakie-Sauk (Sac and Fox)
  • Miami-Illinois
  • Potawatomi
  • Shawnee
  • Eastern

  • Abnaki-Penobscot
  • Delaware (Lenape)
  • Maliseet-Passamaquoddy
  • Mi’kmaq
  • Mohegan and Mahican
  • Munsee Delaware
  • Powhatan
  • Wampanoag
  • Plains

  • Arapaho

  • Arapaho
  • Gros Ventre
  • Blackfoot
  • Cheyenne
  • Lumbee
  • Wiyot
  • Yurok

Algonquian Languages
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