Blog

July 14, 2015

Indian gods, godesses and dieties

20 Views

The general characteristics and origins of Native American religion shed light upon the more contemporary sects. But the development of the numerous individual traditions, passed down orally, remains unclear. The sheer number of groups and the diversity of the nuances of belief complicates matters further.

The religions do share some common tendencies. Religion tends to be closely related to the natural world. The local terrain is elevated with supernatural meaning, and natural objects are imbued with sacred presences. Ceremonial rituals involving these supernatural-natural objects are meant to ensure communal and individual prosperity. These common underlying features unite a diversity of contemporary Native American sects.

Native American God and Goddess Dieties

Various

  • Manitou – Supreme ruler and master of life

 

Various

  • Thunderbird – God of thunder

 

Various (Northwest Coast tribes)

  • Kaiti – Bear god

 

Various (Plains tribes)

  • Wahanda – Great spirit and creator god

 

Acoma (Southwestern US)

  • Masewi – One of the twin gods of war

 

Ahta (Western Canada)

  • Quawteaht – Creator god

 

Aleut (Alaska)

  • Agugux’ – Supreme and creator god

 

Algonquin (Central Canada and Northeastern US)

  • Chebbeniathan – Supreme being and sky god
  • Gitche Manitou – The great spirit who made the world
  • Glooskap – Creator of the sun, moon, plants, animals, and people
  • Kiehton – Great spirit and creator
  • Manibozho – Creator of the earth and of mortals
  • Michabo – Creator god
  • Nokomis – Goddess of the earth

 

Apache (Southwestern US)

      Six separate Apache tribes ranged over the American southwest. Their religion centered on the conception of a supernatural power that manifested itself in almost every facet of the Apache world. They believe that they can develop a healthy and cooperative relationship with this power. The power is believed to offer its services to the Apache through visionary experiences. In shamanistic ceremonies, the practitioner interacts with his particular power alone. But other rituals require a priest to officiate. Both shamanistic and priestly rituals are patterned. Four is the sacred number; songs and prayers occurred in quartets. The ceremonial circuit moves clockwise. And rites last four successive nights. The Apache perform

life-cycle rites

    , including the rite for a child who takes his first steps and a girl’s puberty rite.

    • gaan (Ganhs) – Mountain Spirits
      • Associated with mountain caves, appear as masked dancers during puberty ceremonies and are important in curing.
    • ? -The White Painted Woman
    • ? -Child of the Water
    • Naiyenesgani – Role:Creator god
    • Tlehanoai – ??
    • Tobadzistsini – God of war
    • Apache (Jicarilla) – Yi-na-yes-gon-i – Supreme god
    • Apache (Mescalero) – Yusan – God of the beginning and creator god

 

Arikara (Plains of US)

  • Nesaru – Creator god

 

Assiniboin (Northern plains of US)

  • Wah-con-tun-ga – Creator god

 

Athapascan (Northwestern US)

  • Qawaneca – Creator god
  • Yakista – Omnipresent supreme being and god of the universe

 

Aztec (Central Mexico – Ancient Civilization)

  • Camaxtli – God of war and one of four creator gods
  • Centeotl – Corn god
  • Chalchuiuhtlicue – Goddess of the East, sea, and running water and 1 of 13 lords of the day
  • Chalmecatecuhtli – God of sacrifice and 1 of 13 lords of the day
  • Chantico – Goddess of hearth fires and volcanoes
  • Chicomecoatl – Goddess of maize
  • Cihuacoatl – Earth goddess
  • Cinteotl – Corn goddess and 1 of 13 lords of the day
  • Citlalincue – Goddess of the heavens and 1 of 13 lords of the day
  • Coatlicue – Mother and earth goddess
  • Coyolxauhqui – Goddess of the moon
  • Ehecatl – God of the wind
  • Huehuecoyotl – God of mischief-making
  • Huehueteotl – Fire god
  • Huitzilopochtli – God of war
  • Huixtocihuatl – Goddess of salt
  • Ixcuina – Goddess of carnality, prostitutes, and adulterers
  • Ixtlilton – God of healing, feasting, and games
  • Macuilxochitl – God of music and dance
  • Mayahuel – Goddess of the maguey plant
  • Metztli – Goddess of moon, love, marriage, and childbirth
  • Mictlantecuhtli – God of the dead and 1 of 13 lords of the day
  • Mixcoatl – Star god and god of the hunt
  • Nanahuatzin – Father of the sun and god of corage and bravery
  • Ometecutli – God of fire
  • Ometéotl – Supreme god
  • Patecatl – God of medicine
  • Paynal – The messenger to Huitzilopochtli
  • Tacatecutli – God of merchants and adventurers
  • Teccuciztecatl – God of the moon
  • Teoyaomqui – God of dead warriors
  • Tezcatlipoca – Supreme god; god of rulers, of the north, of cold, and of darkness; and god of pleasure and sin
  • Tlaloc – God of rain, of agriculture, of fire, and of the south; and 1 of 13 lords of the day
  • Tlaltecuhtli – 1 of 13 lords of the day
  • Tlazoltéotl – Goddess of purification and of love; and 1 of 13 lords of – Tloquenahuaque – The unknown god
  • Tochtli – God of the south
  • Toci – Mother of the gods
  • Toci – Mother goddess of the the earth and of curing
  • Tonacacihuatl – Mother of the gods
  • Tonacatecuhtli – The creator and the provider of food
  • Tonacatecuhtli – Creator and food provider
  • Tonantzin – The mother-goddess
  • Tonatiuh – God of the sun and of warriors; and 1 of 13 lords of the day
  • Ueuecoytl (Coyote) – God of fecundity
  • Uixtochihuatl – Goddess of salt
  • Xilonen – Goddess of young maize and a wife of Tezcatlipoca
  • Xiuhtecuhtli – God of fire and time; and 1 of 13 lords of the day
  • Xochiquetzal – Goddess of flowers, of fruit, and of music; and of female sexual power
  • Xoloth – God of monsters, of magicians, of twins, of double ears, of maize
  • Yacatecuhtli – God of merchant adventurers

 

Bella Coola (Western Canada)

  • Aelguntam – Supreme god
  • Alkuntam – Great sky god
  • Qamaits – Goddess of an upper heaven
  • S’anolxmulalt – God of kusuit dances
  • Senx – Creator god

 

Blackfoot (Canadian prairies)

  • Apistotoke – Creator god
  • Kokomikeis – Moon goddess
  • Na’pi – Creator god
  • Notos – Supreme god and sun god
  • Omuqkatos – Great spirit

 

Caddo (Southern plains of US)

  • Caddi Ayo – Sky god

 

Cahroc (Southwestern US)

  • Chareya – Creator and sky god

 

Cahuilla (Southwestern US)

  • Mukot – Joint creator god
  • Tamaioit – Joint creator god

 

Carrier (Western Canada)

  • Utakke – Sky god
  • Yuttoere – Supreme god who governs weather

 

Chemehuevis

  • Hutsipamamau?u – Primal creator goddess

 

Cherokee (Southeastern US)

  • Asgaya Gigagei – Originally god of thunder; later god of healing
  • Unelanuki – Sun goddess

 

Cheyenne (Northern plains of US)

  • Heammawihio – The great spirit
  • Maheo – Supreme god or great spirit and creator
  • Maiyun – The great spirit

 

Chickasaw (Southeastern US)

  • Luak Ishto Holo Aba – Supreme god

 

Chinook (Northwestern US)

  • Ikanam – Creator god
  • Saghalie Tyee – Supreme god

 

Chipewyan (Central Canada and Canadian prairies)

  • Yeddariye – Omniscient, omnipotent supreme god

 

Chitimacha (Southeastern US)

  • Kumokums – Supreme god

 

Choctaw (Southeastern US)

  • Aba – Up
  • Nanih Waiya – choctaw’s birth place
  • Shilup Chito – Great spirit

 

Coeur d’Alene (Northwestern US)

  • Amotken – The great spirit who created the world

 

Cree (Central Canada and Canadian prairies)

  • Notawinan – Supreme god

 

Creek (Southeastern US)

  • Esaugetuh Emisse – Pre-existent supreme god
  • Hisakitaimisi – Supreme god
  • Ibofanga – Supreme god and creator

 

Crow (Northern plains of US)

  • Akbatekdia – Supreme god
  • Coyote – God of creation
  • Isakakate – The great spirit

 

Cupeño (Southwestern US)

  • Mukot – Joint creator god
  • Tamaioit – Joint creator god

 

Dakota (Northern plains of US)

  • Tunkan Ingan – God of sex
  • Wahkeegan – Great spiritWakonda – Great mystery or power above

 

Delaware (Northeastern US)

  • Gicelemuhkaong – Great spirit and creator
  • Tammanend – Benevolent god who gacve knowledge

 

Déné (Western Canada)

  • Inkfivin-wetay – Creator god and ruler of the universe
  • Yuttoere – Supreme god who governs weather

 

Diegueño (Southwestern US)

  • Tuchaipa – Joint creator god
  • Yokomatis – Joint creator god

 

Durango (Southwestern US)

  • Mayuncame – Creator god

 

Eskimo / Inuit (Northern Canada and Alaska)

  • Aipaloovik – Evil sea-living god who attacked marines
  • Akna – Goddess of childbirth
  • Alignak – God of the moon and protector of orphans, animals, and the disinherited
  • Anguta – Supreme god
  • Asiaq – Goddess of the weather
  • Ataksak – Sky god and god of joy
  • Aulanerk – Friendly god who lived in the sea and brought men joy
  • Issitoq – The god who seeks out those who break the rules
  • Nigsillik – Sky god
  • Nujalik – Goddess of the land-hunt
  • Oluksak – God of lakes
  • Pinga – Goddess who guards souls of the living, guardian of the game, and healer of the sick
  • Pukkeenegak – Goddess of clothes-making and childbirth
  • Sedna – Goddess of the creatures of the sea
  • Sequinet – God of the sun
  • Sila – God of energy, air, movement, and curing
  • Tekkeitaertok – God of the earth
  • Toodlayoeetok – Sky god
  • Tootega – Goddess who could walk on top of the water
  • Torngasoak – The good being god
  • Tulangusaq – God of creation

 

Flathead (Northwestern US)

  • Amotken – The great spirit who created the world

 

Fox (Midwest US)

  • Ketchimanetowa – Great spirit
  • Wisakaa – Creator god

 

Gabrielino (Southwestern US)

  • Kwawar – Creator god

 

Gros Ventres (Northern plains of US)

  • Ixtcibenihehat – Supreme being and creator god
  • Ne Nanatch – Supreme god

 

Haida (Western Canada)

  • Komokwa – Sea god
  • Nekilstlas – Creator god, always existent
  • Sins-sganagwai – Supreme, omniscient god

 

Hopi (Southwestern US)

  • Ahul – Sky god
  • Cotokinunwu – Sky god
  • Huruing Wuhti – Two creator gods
  • Mosau’u – God of death, the underworld, and fire
  • Muyinwu – Sky god
  • Pautiwa – Sky god
  • Ragno – Old mother goddess
  • Shotokunungwa – God of sky, lightning, war, the hunt, and fertility

 

Huchnon (Western North America)

  • Taikomol – Creator god

     

    Hupa (Southwestern US)

    • Yimantuwinyai – Creator god

     

    Huron (Central Canada)

    • Ahone – Creator god
    • Airsekui – The great spirit
    • Ataensic – Sky woman and mother earth
    • Hamedicu – Supreme god
    • Heng – Thunder god
    • Ioskeha – Creator god
    • Ondoutaete – God of war
    • Taweskare – Malicious creator god
    • Tsenta – Creator god

     

    Iowa (Northern plains of US)

    • Ictinike – War god

     

    Iroquois (Northeastern US)

    • Ataensic – Sky woman and mother earth
    • Eithinoha – Earth goddess
    • Ga-Oh – God of the winds
    • Gendenwitha – Goddess of the morning star
    • Ha Wen Neyu – The great spirit
    • Hahgwehdiyu – A creator god
    • Hawgwehdaetgah – A creator god
    • Hino – God of the sky
    • Hodianokdoo Hediohe – Omnipotent and incomprehensible creator god
    • Ioskeha – Creator god
    • Neo – Supreme god
    • Oki – God of oaths and agreements
    • Onatha – Goddess of wheat
    • Sky-holder – Creator
    • Sone-yah-tis-sa-ye – Great spirit and creator of the Indians
    • Taweskare – Malicious creator god

     

    Joshua (Northwestern US)

    • Xovalasi – Creator god

     

    Juaneño (Southwestern US)

    • Tukma – Creator god
    • Wiyot – Creator god

     

    Kato (Southwestern US)

    • Nagaitco – Creator god

     

    Klallam (Northwestern US and Western Canada)

    • Mikimatt – Sun goddess and creatress
    • Nukimatt – Creator goddess
    • Tsiltsi – Supreme god

     

    Kwatiutl (Western Canada)

    • Kané – ??
    • Komokwa – Sea god

     

    Lakota (Northern plains of US)

        The Lakota were the “typical” nomadic, equestrian Plains Indians who lived in tipis and hunted buffalo. They were notable, historically, for destroying Custer’s forces at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876. Their religious system is dominated by cosmology and the appeasement of supernaturals to ensure successful buffalo hunts. The “

    Seven Sacred Rites

        ” forms the basis of Lakota religion. These seven rites incude: The Sweat Lodge, The Vision Quest, Ghost Keeping,

    The Sun Dance

      , Making Relatives, Puberty Ceremony, and Throwing the Ball. The seven rites have endured in contemporary worship, except for the Throwing the Ball ceremony. A practice known as Yuwipi has become prominent in this century. Yuwipi unites concepts of buffalo hunting culture and contemporary reservation life.

      • Hu Nonp – God of wisdom
      • Mahpiyato – Sky god, judge over all, and god of wisdom and power
      • Skan – Omnipotent, omnipresent great spirit
      • Wakan Tanka – Creator god and great spirit
      • Yum – God of love and pleasures

     

    Lenape (Northeastern US)

    • Gicelemuhkaong – Great spirit and creator
    • Kaunzhe Pah-tum-owans – Great spirit and creator of the Indians
    • Pahtumawas – Great spirit
    • Welsit Manatu – Creator of all things in the world

     

    Mahikan (Northeastern US)

    • Wauntht Mennitoow – Supreme being

     

    Maidu (Southwestern US)

    • Wonomi – Sky father and supreme god

     

    Mandan (Northern plains of US)

    • Maho Peneta – Great Spirit
    • Omahank Numakchi – Creator god

     

    Menominee (Midwest US)

    • Manibush – Creator god

     

    Micmac (Eastern Canada)

    • Naguset – Creator god
    • Nishkam – Great spirit

     

    Modoc (Southwestern US)

    • Kumush – Creator god

     

    Mohawk (Northeastern US)

    • Tareya-Wagon – God who liberated Mohawks from below the surface of the earth and led them to the Valley of the Mohawk on the surface

     

    Mojave (Southwestern US)

    • Ca-the-ña – Goddess of love and promiscuity
    • Matevil – Creator god

     

    Montagnais (Eastern Canada)

    • Atahocan – Creator god

     

    Narragansett (Northeastern US)

    • Yota-anit – God of fire

     

    Naskapi (Eastern Canada)

    • Tcementu – Creator god

     

    Navajo (Southwestern US)

    • Estsanatlehi – Chief goddess
    • Hastsehogan – House god
    • Hastseltsi – God of racing
    • Hastsezini – Fire god
    • Iyatiku – Mother of humans and corn goddess
    • Nayenezgani – God of war
    • Nltci – God of wind instruments and wind
    • Tlehanoai – ??
    • Tobadzistsini – God of war
    • Tonenili – Rain god
    • Tsohanoai – Sun god and creator
    • Yei – Creator gods
    • Yolkai Estan – Sea goddess

     

    Nisqually (Northwestern US)

    • Dokibatt – Creator god
    • Shuksiab – Supreme god

     

    Nootka (Northwestern US, Western Canada)

    • Ha-tartstl Cha-batt-a – Great spirit whose real name is a secret among the uninitiated
    • Quawteaht – Creator god

     

    Olmec (Ancient Civilization)

     

    Oglala (Northern plains of US)

    • Hu Nonp – God of wisdom
    • Nagi Tanka – Powerful great spirit
    • Skan – Omnipotent, omnipresent great spirit

     

    Ojibwa (Central Canada)

    • Kadebenjit – Supreme being

     

    Okanagan (Northwestern US)

    • Qoluncotun – Supreme being and creator

     

    Onandaga (Northeastern US)

    • Taronhiawagon – Supreme god

     

    Ottawa (Central Canada)

    • Michalon – God who created mortals from animals
    • Mirabichi – God of the water

     

    Papago (Southwestern US)

    • Tlehanoai – ??
    • Tobadzistsini – God of war

     

    Pawnee (Southern plains of US)

    • Pah – God of the moon
    • Shakuru – Sun god
    • Tirawa – The great father and creator

     

    Penobscot (Northeastern US)

    • Ketci Niweskwe – Omnipresent great spirit and creator

     

    Pericu (Southwestern US)

    • Niparaya – Creator of heaven and earth

     

    Piute (Southwestern US)

    • Pah-ah – Great spirit

     

    Pomo (Southwestern US)

    • Cha-kal-le – Supreme god
    • Madumda – Remote and wise sky god
    • Makila – Thunder god

     

    Powhatan (Southeastern US)

    • Ahone – Creator god
    • Okeus – Chief and creator god

     

    Pueblo (Southwestern US)

    • Bitsis Lizin – God of fire
    • Iyatiku – Mother of humans and corn goddess
    • Kokopelli – God of fertility
    • Oshats – Sky god
    • Sitchtchenako – Creator god
    • Tinami – God of the heavens

     

    Salishan (Northwestern US)

    • Sahale – Creator god

     

    Selish (Northwestern US)

    • Amotken – The great spirit who created the world

     

    Seminole (Southeastern US)

    • Hisakitaimisi – Supreme god

     

    Shawnee (Southern plains of US)

    • Kohkomhthena – Supreme goddess and creatress
    • Pabothkew – Great spirit and creator

     

    Sinkyone (Southwestern US)

    • Kyoi – Creator god
    • Nagaitco – Creator god

     

    Sioux (Northern plains of US)

    • Maianwatahe – God of plenty and prosperous hunting
    • Wakonda – Great mystery or power above

     

    Tahltan (Western Canada)

    • Yekaside – Beneficial god of the sky

     

    Takelma (Northwestern US)

    • Haap’k!emnas – Creator god

     

    Teton (Northern plains of US)

    • Skan – Omnipotent, omnipresent great spirit

     

    Tlingit (Alaska)

    • Nascakiyel – Supreme god and judge of the dead

     

    Tolowa (Northwestern US)

    • Kwoelecun – Creator god

     

    Tsimshian (Western Canada)

    • Caugh – Creator god
    • Laha – Supreme heaven-god
    • Shimayet Lakkah – Supreme being and sky god

     

    Twana (Northwestern US)

    • Dokibatt – Creator god
    • Wisoulus – Supreme being

     

    Ute (Southwestern US)

    • Sunawavi – Primordial creator god

     

    Wichita (Southern plains of US)

    • Kinnekasus – Creator and chief god

     

    Winnebago (Midwest US)

    • Man’una – Remote creator god
    • Wahhahnah – Supreme spirit

     

    Wintun (Southwestern US)

    • Hawt – God of music, flute, water
    • Kahit – Wind god
    • Mem Loimis – Goddess of waters
    • Olelbis – Chief god

     

    Wishosk (Southwestern US)

    • Guadatrigakwitl – Pre-existent supreme and creator god

     

    Witotoana (Southwestern US)

    • Moma – Creator and god of the dead

     

    Wiyot (Southwestern US)

    • Guadatrigakwitl – Pre-existent supreme and creator god

     

    Yahi (Southwestern US)

    • Jupka – Creator god and teacher of the people

     

    Yakima (Northern plains of US)

    • Wheemeemeowah – Creator and supreme god

     

    Yavapai (Southwestern US)

    • Komwidapokuwia – Creator goddess and patroness of shamans
    • Miamakwa – Sky god

     

    Yoruk (Southwestern US)

    • Gard – Supreme and creator god
    • Wah-pec-wah-mow – Omnipotent and omnipresent ruler of the heavens and creator god

     

    Yuki (Western North America)

    • Taikomol – Creator god

     

    Yuma (Southwestern US)

    • Kwikumat – Creator god

     

    Zuni (Southwestern US)

    • Apoyan Tachu – Sky father
    • Awonawilona – Creator and supreme god
    • Pautiwa – God of ceremonials
    • Poshaiyanki – God of riches
    • Shiwanni – Creator god
    • Shiwoka – Creator goddess
    • Shulawitsi – God of fire, maize, and hunting
Native American Religion
About nativelady

Leave a Reply