Tosahwi (White Knife) was a peaceful Penateka Comanche chief during the last decade of the Indian Wars.
Historical Comanche Leaders:
Amorous Man – (Comanche, Pahayoko “aunt copulate”) (c. late 1780s – p. 1852) was a Civil Chief of the Penateka band of the Comanche Indians.
Big Red Meat (Piarʉ Ekarʉhkapʉ) – (c. 1820/1825 – January 1, 1875) was a Nokoni Comanche war chief.
Black Horse (Tu-uh-ku-mah ?–ca. 1900 Cache, Oklahoma) Black Horse was a Comanche war chief who was elevated to second chief in Quanah Parker’s Quahadi band of Comanche, after the death of Chief Bull Bear in 1874.
Buffalo Hump (Potsʉnakwahipʉ) (c. 1800-c. 1865/1870) – war chief and later head chief of the Penateka Band.
Chief Bull Bear –
Carne Muerto – A War Chief of the Quahadi tribe of Comanche, son of Santa Anna.
Chief Huupi-pahati, a.k.a. “Tall Tree” –
Horseback (Tʉhʉyakwahipʉ) (c. 1805/1810-c. 1888) – chief of the Nokoni band
Iron Jacket (Puhihwikwasu’u) (c. 1790-1858) – war chief and later head chief of the Quahadi band; father of Peta Nocona
Isatai (c. 1840–c. 1890) – warrior and medicine man of the Quahadi band, who brought the Sun Dance to the Comanche
Mo’o-wai (“Pushing aside” or “Pushing-in-the-middle”), aka “Shaking Hand” – chief of the Kotsoteka
Peta Nocona (Lone Wanderer) (c. 1820-c. 1864) – chief of the Quahadi band in Texas; father of Quanah Parker
Old Owl – (Mupitsukupʉ) (late 1780s–1849) – Penateka chief
Cynthia Ann Parker – A white captive who was captured as a young girl and became the wife of a Comanche chief. She was the mother of Quanah Parker. Many years later she was “rescued” by whites, and spent the rest of her life trying to get back to her Comanche people. Also see Cynthia Ann Parker Bio
Quanah Parker (Comanche kwana “smell, odor”) (ca. 1845 or 1852 – February 23, 1911) – One of the last Comanche chiefs of the Quahadi (“Antelope-eaters”), related also to the Nokoni band (“Wanderers” or “Travellers”), his mother’s people. His mother was Cynthia Ann Parker, a white captive. Quanna Parker was a founder of the Native American Church, and last chief of the Comanche.
White Parker (1887–1956) – son of Quanah Parker and a Methodist missionary.
Quenah-evah, a.k.a. “Eagle Drink” – Principle Chief who replaced Huupi-pahati after his death, possibly after the smallpox and cholera epidemics of 1849.
Santa Anna – (c. 1800-c. 1849) – War chief of the Penateka Band. A leader of Comanche resistance to Anglo settlement in Texas, especially during the period following the Council House Fight. He was the father of Carne Muerto.
Spirit Talker (Mukwooru) (c. 1780-1840) – Penateka chief and medicine man
Ten Bears (Pawʉʉrasʉmʉnunʉ) (c. 1790–1872) – chief of the Ketahto and later of the Yamparika band, great orator.
Tosahwi (White Knife) (c. 1805/1810-c. 1878/1880) – chief of the Penateka band.
Other Comanche People of Note:
Gil Birmingham (born 1953) – actor, Into the West
Blackbear Bosin, also known as Tsate Kongia (June 5, 1921 – August 9, 1980) – Kiowa-Comanche sculptor and painter
Charles Chibitty (1921–2005) – World War II Comanche code talker
LaDonna Harris (born 1931) – political activist and founder of Americans for Indian Opportunity
Lotsee Patterson (born 1931) – librarian, educator, and founder of the American Indian Library Association
Tom Mauchahty-Ware – Kiowa-Comanche musician
Sonny Nevaquaya – Native American flute-player
Sanapia (1895–1984) – medicine woman
Paul Chaat Smith – author, curator
George “Comanche Boy” Tahdooahnippah (born 1978) – professional boxer and NABC super middleweight champion
Rudy Youngblood (born 1982) – actor, starred in Apocalypto, not enrolled in the tribe. Youngblood is of Comanche, Cree, and Yaqui ancestry.
Quanah Parker is often referred to as the last Chief of the Comanches, but the truth is that the Comanche people never elected him as a chief. In fact there was no such thing as Chief over all the Comanches until the reservation era. Each band of Comanches had their own chief.