US Tribes N to P


Click on a letter of the alphabet to go to US Tribes starting with that letter. Where known, the official name is used. Linked tribal names go to their profile index page which will contain more links to sections of our site where you can find articles about that tribe and related tribes.

A-B
C-D
E-F-G
H-I-J
K-L-M

N -O-P
Q-R-S
T-U-V
W-X-Y-Z

KEY:(F)= Federally Recognized, (S)= State Recognized, (T)= Terminated, (U)= Unrecognized, (M)= Mesoamerican Civilizations,(P)= Petitioning for Recognition, (C)= Canadian Tribes, (E)= Extinct, (IRA)= Indian Reorganization Act
Inclusion on this site does NOT mean an endorsement has been made for recognition of any particular tribe. All entities claiming to be US indian tribes that we are aware of have been included for completeness. Where known, we have indicated official tribal status with our Key Chart, based on information released by the BIA as of May 2016. In many cases we have not verified the validity of the claim of tribal status, and leave it to your own common sense or further research to validate tribal claims.Alternate names in parenthesis are either older names that were once used to identify that tribe, or they are misspellings.Links to tribal profile pages are at the bottom of the page.
US tribes starting with N
Navajo Tribes:

Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation (Mohave, Chemehuevi, Hopi and Navajo)
Navajo Nation

Nez Perce Tribes:

Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (Chief Joseph’s Band) (F) (Washington)
Coeur d’ Alene Tribe (A small remnant of Nez Perce live on this reservation.)
Nez Perce Tribe of Idaho (F) (Idaho)

Northern Arapaho – See Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation
Northern Ute Tribe – See Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation
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US tribes starting with O
Ojibwe / Chippewa
(Includes Chippewa, Odawa, Ottawa, Ojibwa, and Potawatomi)
In the United States:

Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians
Bay Mills Indian Community
Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy’s Reservation
Citizen Potawatomi Nation (F)
Forest County Potawatomi
Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians
Hannaville Indian Community
Keweenaw Bay Indian Community
La Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
Lac de Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians
Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe – See Minnesota Chippewa Tribe
Little River Band of Ottawa Indians
Little Traverse Bay Band of Odawa Indians
Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Potawatomi (formerly Gun Lake Band of Grand River Ottawa Indians and as part of Northern Michigan Ottawa Association, Units 3 and 4)
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe
Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi (F)
Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma
Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians
Prairie Band of Potawatomi Nation Kansas (formerly the Prairie Band of Potawatomi Indians) (F)
Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians
Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians
Saginaw Chippewa Indians
Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Michigan
Sokaogon Chippewa Community
St. Croix Chippewa Indians
Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians

In Canada:

M’Chigeeng First Nation (formerly “West Bay First Nation”)
Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma
Sheshegwaning First Nation, Ontario
Walpole Island First Nation, on unceded territory of Walpole Island located between Ontario and Michigan
Wikwemikong First Nation, located on the Wikwemikong Unceded Indian Reserve, Ontario
Zhiibaahaasing First Nation, Ontario (formerly “Cockburn Island First Nation”)

Other recognized/status governments with significant Odawa populations

Aamjiwnaang First Nation (Sarnia), Ontario
Aundeck-Omni-Kaning First Nation (Sucker Creek), Ontario
Chippewas of Kettle & Stony Point, Ontario
Chippewas of Nawash Unceded First Nation, Ontario (formerly “Cape Croker First Nation”)
Chippewas of the Thames (Caradoc), Ontario
Garden River First Nation, Ontario
Mattagami First Nation, Ontario
Mississauga First Nation, Ontario
Saugeen First Nation, Ontario
Serpent River First Nation, Ontario
Sheguiandah First Nation, Ontario
Thessalon First Nation, Ontario
Whitefish Lake First Nation, Ontario
Whitefish River First Nation, Ontario

Unrecognized/non-status Odawa governments

Burt Lake Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan (formerly “Northern Michigan Ottawa Association, Unit 8”, currently recognized by Michigan)
Genesee Valley Indian Association (formerly Northern Michigan Ottawa Association, Unit 9)
Grand River Bands of Ottawa Indians, Michigan (formerly Northern Michigan Ottawa Association, Unit 3, currently recognized by Michigan)
Mackinac Bands of Chippewa and Ottawa Indians, Michigan(formerly “Northern Michigan Ottawa Association, Units 11 through 17”, currently recognized by Michigan)
Maple River Band of Ottawa, Michigan
Muskegon River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan (formerly “Northern Michigan Ottawa Association, Unit 5”)
Ottawa Colony Band of Grand River Ottawa Indians, Michigan (currently recognized only as part of the Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan) (formerly part of Northern Michigan Ottawa Association, Unit 3)

Omaha Tribes:

Omaha Tribe of Nebraska, (F) (Nebraska)

Oneida Tribes:

Oneida Nation of New York, (F) (New York)
Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin, (F) (Wisconsin)

Osage Tribes:

Osage Nation – See Onondaga Nation of New York (F) (New York)
The Osage Nation(F) (Oklahoma)
Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians, (F) (Oklahoma)

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US tribes starting with P
Paiute Tribes

Big Pine Band of Owens Valley Paiute Shoshone Indians of the Big Pine Reservation (F)
Bridgeport Paiute Indian Colony of California (F)
Burns Paiute Tribe of the Burns Paiute Indian Colony of Oregon (F)
Cedar City Band of Paiutes
Cedarville Rancheria of Northern Paiute Indians
Chemehuevi Indian Tribe of the Chemehuevi Reservation (Southern Paiute)(California) (F)
Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation (Mohave, Chemehuevi, Hopi and Navajo) (Arizona) and California) (F)
Fallon Paiute Tribe
Fort Independence Indian Community of Paiute Indians of the Fort Independence Reservation (F)
Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation (F)
Indian Peaks Band of Paiutes
Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians of the Kaibab Indian Reservation (F)
Kanosh Band of Paiutes
Koosharem Band of Paiutes
Las Vegas Tribe of Paiute Indians of the Las Vegas Indian Colony (F)
Lovelock Paiute Tribe of the Lovelock Indian Colony (F)
Moapa Band of Paiute Indians of the Moapa River Indian Reservation (F)
Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah (F)
Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Bishop Community of the Bishop Colony (F)
Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony, Nevada (F)
Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Lone Pine Community of the Lone Pine Reservation (F)
Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of the Pyramid Lake Reservation, (F) Nevada
Reno-Sparks Indian Colony (Paiute, Shoshone, Washoe)(F) (Nevada)
San Juan Southern Paiute Tribe of Arizona (F)
Shivwits Band of Paiutes
Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation (F)
Summit Lake Paiute Tribe of Nevada (F)
Utu Utu Gwaitu Paiute Tribe of the Benton Paiute Reservation (F)
Walker River Paiute Tribe of the Walker River Reservation (F)
Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada (Northern Paiute and Shoshone) (F) (Nevada)
Yerington Paiute Tribe of the Yerington (F)

Papago / Pima:

Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation
Tohono O’odham Nation of Arizona

Pala Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pala Reservation, (F) (California)
Pascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona (F) (Arizona)
Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians of California (F) (California)
Passamaquoddy Tribe of Maine, (F) (Maine)
Pauma Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pauma & Yuima Reservation, (F) (California)
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma (F) (Oklahoma)
Pechanga Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pechanga Reservation, (F) (California)
Penobscot Tribe of Maine(F) (Maine)
Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma(F) (Oklahoma)
Pequot:

Mohegan Indian Tribe of Connecticut
Mashantucket Pequot Tribe of Connecticut

Picayune Rancheria of Chukchansi Indians of California(F) (California)
Pit River Indians
Pit River Tribe
, (F) (California) includes:

XL Ranch
Big Bend Rancheria
Likely Rancheria
Lookout Rancheria
Montgomery Creek Rancheria
Roaring Creek Rancheria

Achomawi – See Alturas Indian Rancheria
Atsugewi – See Pit River Tribe

Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama (formerly the Creek Nation East of the Mississippi), (F) (Alabama)
Pomo Tribes (Northern Pomo, Northeastern Pomo, Eastern Pomo, Southeastern Pomo, Central Pomo, Southern Pomo):

Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria (F)
Dry Creek Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California (F) (California)
Cloverdale Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California (F) (California)
Coyote Valley Band of Pomo Indians of California (F) (California)
Elem Indian Colony of Pomo Indians of the Sulphur Bank Rancheria (F)
Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria (F) (Coast Miwok and Southern Pomo)
Guidiville Rancheria of California (F) (California)
Habematolel Pomo of Upper Lake (F) (California)
Hopland Band of Pomo Indians of the Hopland Rancheria (F)
Kashia Band of Pomo Indians of the Stewarts Point Rancheria (F) (California)
Lytton Rancheria of California (F) (California)
Manchester Band of Pomo Indians of the Manchester-Point Arena Rancheria (F) (California)
Middletown Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California (F) (California)
Picayune Rancheria of Chukchansi Indians of California (F) (California) (formerly the Pinoleville Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California )
Pinoleville Pomo Nation, (F) (California) (formerly the Pinoleville Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California)
Potter Valley Tribe (F) (California)
Redwood Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California (F) (California)
Robinson Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California (F) (California)
Round Valley Indian Tribes of the Round Valley Reservation (F) (California) (Yuki, Concow, Little Lake and other Pomo, Nomlaki, Cahto, Wailaki, and Pit River peoples)
Scotts Valley Band of Pomo Indians of California (F) (California)
Sherwood Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California (F) (California)

Ponca Tribes:

Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma (F) (Oklahoma)
Ponca Tribe of Nebraska, (F) (Nebraska)

Potawatomi Tribes: See Ojibwe above
Pueblo Tribes:

Pueblo of Acoma, (F) New Mexico
Pueblo of Cochiti, (F) New Mexico
Pueblo of Isleta,(F) New Mexico
Pueblo of Jemez, (F) New Mexico
Pueblo of Laguna, (F) New Mexico
Pueblo of Nambe, (F) New Mexico
Pueblo of Picuris, (F) New Mexico
Pueblo of Pojoaque, (F) New Mexico
Pueblo of San Felipe, (F) New Mexico
Pueblo of San Ildefonso, (F) New Mexico
Pueblo of Sandia, (F) New Mexico
Pueblo of Santa Ana, (F) New Mexico
Pueblo of Santa Clara, (F) New Mexico
Pueblo of Santo Domingo, New Mexico — See Kewa Pueblo (F)
Pueblo of San Juan — See Ohkay Owingeh (F)
Pueblo of Taos, (F) New Mexico
Pueblo of Tesuque, (F) New Mexico
Pueblo of Zia,(F) New Mexico
Ysleta Del Sur Pueblo of Texas (F) (Texas)
Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation (F) New Mexico

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Navajo Nation

2 Views
July 11, 2012

The Navajo Nation is the largest indian tribe in the United States, with over 250,000 enrolled members and also has the largest indian reservation, covering approximately 27,425 square miles (71,000 km2). The Navajo also have the most complex tribal council, with 88 council delegates representing 110 Navajo Nation chapters (communities).

US Tribes N to P
July 11, 2012

The Nisqually Indian Tribe of the Nisqually Reservation is a federally recognized tribe of Nisqually people. They are a Coast Salish tribe of the Pacific Northwest.

US Tribes N to P
July 11, 2012

The Nooksack Indian Tribe is a federally recognized Salish tribe near the Northwest Coast in northern Washington State located about 15 miles from the Canadian border. Their oral history says they have resided there since time immemorial. 

US Tribes N to P
July 11, 2012

The Oglala Sioux Tribe is a federally recognized indian tribe who are members of a major Sioux division known as the Western or Teton Sioux. The Lakota are the westernmost of the three Siouan language groups. The tribe prefers to be known as the Oglala Lakota Nation.

US Tribes N to P

Ohkay Owingeh

3 Views
July 11, 2012

Ohkay Owingeh is an Indian pueblo and census-designated place in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico. This pueblo was founded around 1200 AD. These pueblo people are from the Tewa ethnic group of Native Americans.

US Tribes N to P
July 11, 2012

The Omaha are a federally recognized Native American tribe which lives on the Omaha Reservation in northeastern Nebraska and western Iowa. They migrated to the upper Missouri area and the Great Plains by the late 17th century from earlier locations in the Ohio River Valley. The Omaha tribe were the first tribe on the Northern Plains to adopt an equestrian culture.

US Tribes N to P

Osage Nation

3 Views
July 11, 2012

The Osage Nation is a federally recognized Midwestern Siouan-speaking tribe in the United States that originated in the Ohio River valley in what is present-day Kentucky. They were eventually removed to Indian Territory in Oklahoma, where their reservation is today.

US Tribes N to P
July 11, 2012

The Passamaquoddy Tribe belonged to the loose confederation of eastern American Indians known as the Wabanaki Alliance, together with the Maliseet, Mi’kmaq, Abenaki, and Penobscot Indians. The Passamaquoddy live primarily in Maine, although there is also a band of a few hundred Passamaquoddy people in New Brunswick.

US Tribes N to P
July 11, 2012

The Pawnee Tribe of Oklahoma are the original people of what is now Nebraska and northern Kansas. They were forced to move to a reservation in Indian Territory, Oklahoma in 1876.

US Tribes N to P
July 11, 2012

The Penobscot tribe, together with the Mi’kmaq, Maliseet, Passamaquoddy, and Abenaki Indians, were once members of the old Wabanaki Confederacy, enemies of the Iroquois. These allies from the eastern seaboard region spoke related languages, and “Abenaki” and “Wabanaki” have the same Algonquian root, meaning “people from the east.” The Penobscot are not affiliated with the Abenakis today, and distance themselves from the Abenaki of New England.

US Tribes N to P
July 11, 2012

The federally recognized Picayune Rancheria of Chukchansi Indians of California have always lived in California. During the years after the Gold Rush (1849) anthropologists visited the land of the Chukchansi. They grouped California Tribes together by their languages; hence, the Chukchansi are grouped with approximately 60 other Tribes in the greater Central Valley.

US Tribes N to P
July 11, 2012

The Pinoleville Pomo Nation is a federally recognized tribe of Pomo people in Mendocino County, California. They were originally a Pomo villiage that resided in the Ukiah Valley, and were just one of the many Pomo tribes in California.

US Tribes N to P
July 11, 2012

The Poarch Band of Creeks descends from Muscogee Creek Indians who sided with the United States in the Creek War of 1813–1814. Many Creeks remained in Alabama despite the Indian Removal Act of 1830. They are recognized by the Federal Government.

US Tribes N to P
July 11, 2012

The Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians have occupied southern Michigan, northern Indiana, northwestern Ohio, north and central Illinois, and the shores of Lake Michigan in Wisconsin into the Dorr Peninsula for thousands of years.

 

US Tribes N to P
July 11, 2012

On their journey westward in 1804, Lewis and Clark came upon the Ponca Tribe. Lewis and Clark reported that the tribe, once a part of the Omaha Tribe, separated and lived along a branch of the Red River near- Lake Winnipeg. However, the Sioux forced the Poncas, as well as many of the smaller plains cultures, to relocate to the west bank of the Missouri River in the early 1700’s.

US Tribes N to P
July 11, 2012

According to tradition, the Prarie Band of Potawatomi were closely associated with the Chippewa and Ottawa, with whom they reached the region at the upper end of Lake Huron. They were reported by the Jesuits as still living together as late as 1841. Today, in Kansas, the Prairie Band of Potawatomi is descended mainly from Indiana, Illinois and Michigan Potawatomi. 

US Tribes N to P
July 11, 2012

Prairie Island Indian Community members are descendents of the Mdewakanton Band of Eastern Dakota, also known as the Mississippi or Minnesota Sioux. The Mdewakanton have lived on Prairie Island, located in south eastern Minnesota along the wooded shores of the Mississippi and Vermillion Rivers, for countless generations.

US Tribes N to P

Pueblo of Acoma

2 Views
July 11, 2012

The Pueblo of Acoma is located roughly 60 miles west of Albuquerque, New Mexico. The reservation consists of three main communities: Sky City (Old Acoma), Acomita, and McCartys. The traditional lands of Acoma Pueblo encompassed roughly 5 million acres. Of this, roughly 10 percent is included in the reservation.

The Rio Grande Pueblos are known as eastern Pueblos; Zuni, Hopi, and sometimes the Acomas and Lagunas are known as western Pueblos.

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July 11, 2012

The Pueblo of Cochiti has been located roughly 25 miles southwest of Santa Fe, New Mexico for at least several centuries. With a relatively stable existence, the people have devoted increasing amounts of time and attention to religion, arts, and crafts. 

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Pueblo of Jemez

2 Views
July 11, 2012

Jemez Pueblo is located along the east bank of the Jemez River, 25 miles north of Bernalillo, New Mexico, and approximately 50 miles northwest of Albuquerque. The Pueblo of Jemez (pronounced “Hay-mess” or traditionally as “He-mish”) is one of the 19 pueblos located in New Mexico.

US Tribes N to P
July 11, 2012

Since at least the eighteenth century, Isleta Pueblo has been located on the Rio Grande several miles south of Albuquerque. The pueblo consists of a main village (San Agustfn) and two farm villages (Chikal and “Town Chief”) 3 miles to the south.

US Tribes N to P
July 11, 2012

Laguna Pueblo is made up of six major villages in central New Mexico, 42 miles west of Albuquerque on Interstate 40. The residents of Laguna Pueblo live in six villages which are Laguna, Mesita, Paguate, Seama, Paraje, and Encinal. The Laguna Pueblo (and the Acoma Pueblo) lie in the river basin of the Rio San Jose. The Rio San Jose flows into the Rio Puerco near the southeast corner of the Laguna Reservation.

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