The Chattahoochee River is where at least 32 ethnic groups came to live in the 1700s. They assimilated to become the Creek Indians by the end of that century.
Unrecognized Tribes A to C
Unrecognized Tribes A to C
Alphabetical list of unrecognized American indian tribes beginning with A to C. These are groups known to self-identify as Native American tribes but that have not been recognized by the federal government (Bureau of Indian Affairs) nor by any state nor tribal government. We do not necessarily endorse these organizations or the validity of their claims. We are just reporting what is out there and suggest you exercise your own due diligence in verifying their authenticity. We would especially suggest further investigation of any organization that charges a membership or enrollment fee, or that does not require genealogy research and official documentation for enrollment.Links to tribal profile pages are at the bottom of the page.
Accohannock Indian Tribal Association, Inc. Letter of Intent to Petition 01/18/1995
Alexander Valley Mishewal Wappo
Amah Mutsun Band of Ohlone/Costanoan Indians (formerly Amah Band of Ohlone/Costanoan Indians). Letter of Intent to Petition 09/18/1990
American Cherokee Confederacy (Southeastern Cherokee Confederacy, Inc. (SECC) (Georgia). Other Known Bands: Horse Band (OK).
Amonsoquath Tribe of Cherokee. Letter of Intent to Petition. Also in Missouri.
Ani Yvwi Yuchi (Cherokee). Letter of Intent to Petition 7/31/1996.
Antelope Valley Paiute Tribe (a.k.a. Antelope Valley Indian Community). Letter of Intent to Petition 07/09/1976.
Apalachicola Band of Creek Indians. Letter of Intent to Petition 08/17/2004
Apalachee Indian Tribe. Letter of Intent to Petition 01/22/1996
Arizona Cherokee Pioneers
Arkansas Band of Western Cherokee (formerly Western Arkansas Cherokee Tribe). Letter of Intent to Petition 04/07/1998.
Arkansas Cherokee (also known as Chickamauga Cherokee of Arkansas). Letter of Intent to Petition 03/21/2008.
Arkansas Cherokee Nation.
Arkansas White River Cherokee (a.k.a. Chickamauga Cherokee Nation – White River Band (I)). Letter of Intent to Petition 10/22/2003. Despite the Arkansas name, the group is located in Florida. There is also a Chickamauga Cherokee Nation – White River Band (II) and (III) in Oklahoma.
Assonet Band of Wampanoags (Massachusettes)
Atahun Shoshones of San Juan Capistrano
Atakapa-Ishak Nation (Louisiana)
Avogel Nation of Louisiana. Letter of Intent to Petition 11/13/2000 (Louisiana)
Avogel, Okla Tasannuk, Tribe/Nation. Letter of Intent to Petition 03/19/2001 (Louisiana)
Avoyel-Kaskaskia Tribe of Louisiana. Letter of Intent to Petition 06/20/2005 (Louisiana)
The Avoyel-Taensa Tribe/Nation of Louisiana Inc. Letter of Intent to Petition 01/09/2003. Receipt of Petition 01/09/2003 (Louisiana)
Barbareno Chumash Council
Barbareno/Ventureno Band of Mission Indians. Letter of Intent to Petition 01/17/2002. Receipt of Petition 01/17/2002.
Barrio Pascua – a village of Yaqui on the Arizona-Mexico border region.
Big Meadows Lodge Tribe
Binay Tribe (Florida)
Black Wolf Clan of SE Cherokee Council, Inc (Kentucky)
Broad River Band of Cherokee (Georgia)
Calaveras County Band of Miwuk Indians. Letter of Intent to Petition 08/31/2001.
California Indian Council/Lulapin
Callattakapa Choctaw Tribe. Letter of Intent to Petition 07/13/2004.
Calusa-Seminole Nation. Letter of Intent to Petition 04/28/1998.
Cane Break Band of Eastern Cherokees. Letter of Intent to Petition 01/09/1979; rejoined Georgia Tribe of Eastern Cherokees, Inc. (I), notification 7/16/1997
Central Tribal Council. Letter of Intent to Petition 01/21/2003. Receipt of Petition 01/21/2003.
Chahta Tribe (Louisiana)
Chappaquiddic Band of Massachusetts Letter of Intent to Petition 05/31/2007 (Massachusettes)
Chi-cau-gon Band of Lake Superior Chippewa of Iron County. Letter of Intent to Petition 02/12/1998 (Michigan)
Cherokee-Choctaw Nation of St. Francis and Black Rivers. Letter of Intent to petition 08/01/2006
Cherokee Indians of Georgia, Inc
Cherokee Nation of Alabama. Letter of Intent to Petition 02/16/1999.
Cherokee Nation Heritage Organization of California.
Cherokee Tuscarora Nation of Turtle Island (District of Columbia)
Cherokee Nation West of Missouri and Arkansas (formerly Cherokee Nation West or Southern Band of the Eastern Cherokee Indians of Arkansas and Missouri). Letter of Intent to Petition 5/11/1998.Also in Missouri.
Cherokees of California.
Cherokee River Indian Community. Letter of Intent to Petition 08/03/2000. Receipt of Petition 08/03/200
Cherokee Tribe of Kentucky
Cherokees of Idaho, Inc. Letter of Intent to Petition 03/14/2012
Chickmaka Band of the South Cumberland Plateau.
Chickamauga Cherokee of Alabama.
Chickamauga Cherokee Indian Creek Band (Florida)
Chickamauga Cherokee Band of Northwest Georgia.
Chickamauga Keetoowah Unami Wolf Band of Cherokee Delaware Shawnee of Ohio
Chilkoot Kaagwaantaan Clan. Letter of Intent to Petition 4/22/1997Chiricahua Tribe of California. Letter of Intent to Petition 04/24/2003.
Choctaw Allen Tribe. Letter of Intent to Petition 10/20/2003.
Choctaws of Florida (a.k.a. Hunter Tsalagi-Choctaw Tribe). Letter of Intent to Petition 03/02/2005.
Choctaw Nation Mississippi River Clan (Illinois)
Choinumni Council. Letter of Intent to Petition 07/14/1988. Certified letter undeliverable 10/1997
Chukchansi Yokotch Tribe of Mariposa CA. Letter of Intent to Petition 05/25/1993.
Chumash Council of Bakersfield. Letter of Intent to Petition 10/18/2005.
Church of the Métis Tribe.[ (Florida)
Coastal Band of Chumash. Letter of Intent to Petition 03/25/1982.
Coastal Gabrieleno Diegueno Band of Mission Indians. Letter of Intent to Petition 3/18/1997.
Coastanoan Band of Carmel Mission Indians. Letter of Intent to Petition 09/16/1988.
Colfax-Todds Valley Consolidated Tribe of the Colfax Rancheria
Confederated Tribes of the Lower Rogue
Confederated Western Cherokees of Arkansas.
Confederation of Aboriginal Nations
Consolidated Bahwetig Ojibwas and Mackinac Tribe. Letter of Intent to Petition 12/04/1979; Postal Service returned certified letter 11/5/1997
Costanoan Rumsen Carmel Tribe. Letter of Intent to Petition 08/24/1994.
Costanoan Tribe of Santa Cruz and San Juan Bautista Missions. Letter of Intent to Petition 5/11/1999; Letter of Intent withdrawn 5/10/2000.
Council of Seven/Royal House of Pokanoket/Pokanoket Tribe/Wampanoag Nation (Massachusettes)
Cowasuck Band-Abenaki People, also known as Cowasuck Band of Pennacook Abenaki People. Letter of Intent to Petition 01/23/1995. (Massachusettes)
Coweta Creek Tribe. Letter of Intent to Petition 2/12/2003.
Council for the Benefit of the Colorado Winnebagoes. Letter of Intent to Petition 01/26/1993; certified letter returned “attempted, not known” 11/5/1997
Creeks East of the Mississippi (a.k.a. Principal Creek Indian Nation East of the Mississippi) (Florida). Letter of Intent to Petition 03/21/1973 (petitioned as part of a State-recognized tribe Lower Muskogee Creek Tribe – East of the Mississippi, Inc., Georgia); declined to Acknowledge 12/21/1981 46 FR 51652, see also 47 FR 14783
Creek-Euchee Band of Indians of Florida. Letter of Intent to Petition; Receipt of Petition 11/23/1999. Letter of Intent withdrawn 10/20/2000; merged with Florida Tribe of Eastern Creek Indians
Still to be Sorted:
Calapooya (Calapuya, Calapooia)
Cheraw – A language dialect
Chinook Jargon – A trade language
Chontal de Oaxaca
Chontal de Tabasco (Chontal Maya)
Clatskanie (Clatskanai, Clackstar)
Cucupa (Cucupá, Cucapá)
The earliest history of the Nehalem country is so closely entwined with that of the Clatsops of the north and the Tillamooks of the south that its separation is impossible. From the very earliest written record of the Clatsop and Nehalem people, they are described as being culturally, economically, and socially integrated with one-another.
A veteran archaeologist, Bonnie McEwan sifts dirt in search of vanished cultures. It’s not every day she hears from one in person.
Dr. McEwan directs Mission San Luis, a 17th-century site where Spanish friars baptized thousands of Apalachee, an Indian nation so imposing that early mapmakers bestowed the tribe’s name on distant mountains, known ever since as the Appalachians. In 1704, English forces attacked, driving the Apalachee into slavery and exile. Scholars long ago pronounced the tribe extinct.
From at least A.D. 1000, a group of farming Indians was living in northwest Florida. They were called the Apalachees. Other Florida Indians regarded them as being wealthy and fierce. Some think the Apalachee language was related to Hitchiti of the Muskhogean language family.
The Abenaki tribe, together with the Maliseet, Passamaquoddy, Mi’kmaq, and Penobscot Indians, were members of the old Wabanaki Confederacy, adversaries of the Iroquois. These allies from the eastern seaboard spoke related languages, and Abenaki and Wabanaki have the same Algonquian root, meaning “people from the east.”