Famous Sioux

Famous Sioux Chiefs, Medicine Men, and Leaders
Leaders of the Sioux tribes are some of the most recognized names in native American history. There are links to in depth profiles at the bottom of the page.
Historical Leaders

Šóta (Old Chief Smoke) — an original Oglala Lakota head chief
Thaóyate Dúta (Little Crow/His Red Nation) — Mdewakanton Dakota chief and warrior
Tȟatȟáŋka Íyotake (Sitting Bull) — Famous Hunkpapa Lakota chief and holy man
Tȟašúŋke Witkó (Crazy Horse) — Famous Oglala Lakota warrior
Maȟpíya Ičáȟtagye (Touch the Clouds) – Minneconjou Lakota chief and warrior
Maȟpíya Lúta (Red Cloud) — Famous Oglala Lakota chief and spokesperson
Heȟáka Sápa (Black Elk) — Famous Oglala Lakota medicine and holy man
Ité Omáǧažu (Rain-in-the-Face) — Hunkpapa Lakota war chief
Tȟáȟča Hušté (Lame Deer) — Mineconju Lakota holy man and spiritual preserver
Wi Sapa (Black Moon) — Miniconjou Lakota chief
Matȟó Héȟloǧeča (Hollow Horn Bear) — Sicangu (Brulé) Lakota leader
Phizí (Gall) — Hunkpapa Lakota war chief
Ógle Lúta (Red Shirt) — Oglala Lakota warrior and chief
Inkpaduta (Scarlet Point/Red End) — Wahpekute Dakota war chief
Waŋbdí Tháŋka (Big Eagle) — Mdewakanton Dakota chief
Tamaha (One Eye/Standing Moose) — Mdewekanton Dakota chief
Ota Kte (Luther Standing Bear aka Plenty Kill) — Oglala Lakota writer and actor
Numpkahapa (Two Strike) — Sicangu Lakota chief
Cetan Sápa (Black Hawk) — Itázipčho Lakota ledger artist
Tȟatȟóka Íŋyaŋke (Running Antelope) — Hunkpapa Lakota chief
Mato Watakpe (John Grass aka Charging Bear) — Sihasapa Lakota chief
Tȟatȟáŋka Ská (White Bull) — Miniconjou Lakota warrior and nephew of Sitting Bull
Wanbli Kte (Kill Eagle) — Sihasapa Lakota warrior and leader
Sunka Wakan To (Blue Horse) — Oglala chief, warrior, educator and statesman
Matȟó Wayúhi (Conquering Bear) — Sičháŋǧu Lakota chief
Čhetáŋ Kiŋyáŋ (Flying Hawk) — Oglala Lakota chief, philosopher, and historian
Matȟó Wanáȟtake (Kicking Bear) — Oglala born Miniconjou Lakota warrior and chief
Unpan Glešká (Spotted Elk aka Big Foot) — Miniconjou Lakota chief
Hehwongechat (Lone Horn) — Miniconjou Lakota chief
Kȟaŋǧí Yátapi (Crow King aka Medicine Bag That Burns) — Hunkpapa Lakota war chief
Wicasa Tankala (Little Big Man aka Charging Bear) — Oglala Lakota Warrior
Xunka Kuciyedano (Low Dog) — Oglala Lakota chief and warrior
Wašíčuŋ Tȟašúŋke (American Horse “The Younger”) — Oglala Lakota Chief
Wašíčuŋ Tȟašúŋke (American Horse “The Elder”) — Oglala Lakota Chief
Tȟašúŋke Kȟokípȟapi (Young Man Afraid Of His Horses) — Oglala Lakota Chief
Ištáȟba (Sleepy Eye) — Sisseton Dakota chief
Ohíyes’a (Charles Eastman) — Author, physician and reformer
Colonel Gregory “Pappy” Boyington — World War II Fighter Ace and Medal of Honor recipient; 1/4 Sioux
Charging Thunder (1877–1929), Blackfoot Sioux chief who was part of Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show in 1903, but remained in England when the show returned to America. He married Josephine, an American horse trainer who had just given birth to their first child, Bessie, and together they settled in Darwen, before moving to Gorton. His name became George Edward Williams, after registering with the British immigration authorities to enable him to find work. Williams ended up working at the Belle Vue Zoo as an elephant keeper. He died from pneumonia on July 28, 1929. His interment was at Gorton’s cemetery.
Ota Kte (Luther Standing Bear) — Author, educator, philosopher and actor
Zitkala-Ša (Gertrude Simmons Bonnin) — Author, educator, musician and political activist
Horse’s Ghost – A Sioux Chief in Montana at the Fort Peck Indian Reservation who argued for Native American rights with members of President Taft’s administration.
Bigfoot (Not the same as Spotted Elk)
Little Thunder
Big Mouth
Red Thunder (also known as Shappa, the Beaver)
Wizikute (a.k.a. Pine Shooter)
Red Fish
Crow Dog
Red Bird (Zitkaduta)
Big Curly
John Otherday (Aagpetu-tokecha)
Walking Buffalo (Tatankamani)
Wamditanka (Great War Eagle)
Gray Iron
Shakopee (Shakpe, ‘six’)
Mankato (M-ak’-to, Blue Earth)
Old Mankato
Billy Mills – A famous Sioux Olympian athlete.
Napeshneeduta (Red Man Who Flees Not)

Famous Contemporary Sioux

Ella Carla Deloria (Anpetu Wastewin), Yankton Sioux (1888-1971), Author
Vine Deloria, Author
Susan La Flesche, Sioux (1865-1915)
Russell Means – (Nov. 10, 1939-Oct. 29, 2012) Extensive obituary. According to the New York times, he was the most famous Indian “since Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull.”

Russell Means Timeline

Chaske Spencer (born March 9, 1975) –  Native American actor of Lakota, Nez Perce, Cherokee, Creek, French, and Dutch descent. He is a member of the Fort Peck tribe.
Chief Red Fox – Silent Film Actor. He was a nephew of the famous Sioux leader Chief Crazy Horse.  He was six years old at the time of Custer’s Last Stand and gives a chilling account of it in his memoirs.
Floyd Red Crow Westerman – Actor, musician, activist

Floyd Red Crow Westerman passes to the spirit world

Sioux Tribes:

Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation
Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe (F)
Crow Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation(South Dakota)(F)
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota
Fort Belknap Indian Community of the Fort Belknap Reservation of Montana
Lower Brule Sioux Tribe of the Lower Brule Reservation
Lower Sioux Indian Community in the State of Minnesota
Oglala Sioux Tribe
Prairie Island Indian Community in the State of Minnesota
Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud Reservation
Santee Sioux Nation
Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community of Minnesota
Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation, South Dakota (F)
Spirit Lake Tribe (F)
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North & South Dakota (F)
Upper Sioux Community
Yankton Sioux Tribe


March 13, 2015

Chief Hump
Minniconjou Lakota
(ca. 1848-1908)

Etokeah, a Minniconjou Lakota war chief, known to the whites as Chief Hump,  was a great leader. He is especially known for his skills during the 19th Century Lakota-US Government battles. His exact birth date and facts of parentage were not recorded. However, he first came into public notice in 1866. Then, he led the charge against Captain William Fetterman’s soldiers outside Fort Phil Kearney in Wyoming.

Famous Sioux
March 13, 2015

Chief Gall
Huηkpapa Lakota
(ca. 1840-1895)

“Man Who Goes in the Middle,” or Pizi, a Hunkpapa Sioux chief, was one of the major Indian field commanders at the Battle of the Little Bighorn. Anglo Americans know him as Chief Gall.

Famous Sioux
February 18, 2015

Red Tomahawk, Sitting Bull’s assassin, lived in a time of rapid change for the Lakota-Dakota people. He did the only thing that he believed he could, serve as a B.I.A. police officer and put his warrior days behind him. He is most often remembered for killing Sitting Bull. Here’s his story.

Famous Sioux
June 29, 2009

American Horse, who succeeded to the name and position of an uncle who was killed in the battle of Slim Buttes in 1876, was one of the wittiest and shrewdest of the Oglala Sioux peace chiefs.

Wašíčuŋ Tȟašúŋke or American Horse (1840 – December 16, 1908) was a chieftain of the Oglala Sioux during the Sioux Wars of the 1870s. He was also the nephew of the elder American Horse and son-in-law of Red Cloud. A more literal translation of his Lakota name (Wašíčuŋ Tȟašúŋke) is He-Has-A-White-Man’s-Horse.

Famous Sioux
April 11, 2005

The following is Charles Eastman’s account of Chief Sitting Bull. If the Great Spirit had desired me to be a white man he would have made me so in the first place. He put in your heart certain wishes and plans, and in my heart he put other and different desires. It is not necessary […]

Famous Sioux
May 9, 2004

Sitting-Bull was a Dakota Indian from the Hunkpapa Band and a respected medicine man. The word Dakota means united by compact, and there were several united tribes who collectively called themselves the Dakotas. Sitting Bull was born near an old army station, Fort George, on Willow Creek, and his father was Jumping Bull. Read the […]

Famous Sioux
March 14, 2002

Keywords: Two Strike Nomkahpa sioux warriors american indian hero native american leaders Rosebud sioux famous SIOUX Charles Alexander Eastman Ohiyesa Source: As remembered by Charles Alexander Eastman (Ohiyesa) The name of Two Strike is a deed name. In a battle with the Utes this man knocked two enemies from the back of a war horse. […]

Famous Sioux
March 14, 2002

Among the Sioux chiefs of the “transition period” only one was shrewd enough to read coming events in their true light. It is said of Spotted Tail (Sinte Gleska) that he was rather a slow-moving boy, preferring in their various games and mimic battles to play the role of councilor, to plan and assign to the others their parts in the fray.

Famous Sioux
March 14, 2002

Keywords: Chief Red Cloud Sioux chief american indian chiefs native american chief Oglalla sioux chief native american history american indian history Montana history Sioux tribe nation sioux cheif Charles Alexander Eastman Ohiyesa Source: As remembered by Charles Alexander Eastman (Ohiyesa) Red Cloud was born about 1819 near the forks of the Platte River. He was […]

Famous Sioux
March 14, 2002

Keywords: Chief Little Crow Taoyateduta Kaposia Sioux kaposia band little crow sioux warrior sioux chief american indian chiefs famous native american Charles Alexander Eastman Ohiyesa Minnesota Sioux minnesota indians Source: As told by Charles Alexander Eastman (Ohiyesa) Chief Little Crow was the eldest son of Cetanwakuwa (Charging Hawk). It was on account of his father’s […]

Famous Sioux
March 13, 2002

Keywords: Dr.Charles Alexander Eastman Ohiyesa Santee Sioux Indians santee sioux leaders SANTEE SIOUX spokesman american indian history native american historian Source: Charles Alexander Eastman (Ohiyesa) “The true Indian sets no price upon either his property or his labor. His generosity is limited only by his strength and ability. He regards it as an honor to […]

Famous Sioux
March 13, 2002

Keywords: American Horse Oglalla Sioux Ohiyesa Charles Alexander Eastman sioux chief Sioux Chiefs younger american horse sioux history oglalla sioux historical figure american horse Author: Told by Joseph Brown Thunder (Great-great grandson of Chief American Horse) As remembered by Ohiyesa (Charles Alexander Eastman) One of the wittiest and shrewdest of the Sioux chiefs was American […]

Famous Sioux
March 13, 2002

The noted Sioux warrior, Rain-in-the-Face, whose name once carried terror to every part of the frontier, died at his home on the Standing Rock reserve in North Dakota on September 14, 1905. About two months before his death I went to see him for the last time, where he lay upon the bed of sickness from which he never rose again, and drew from him his life-history.

Famous Sioux

Sitting Bull

March 13, 2002

Sitting Bull, a Hunkpapa Sioux, was born in 1831 in the region of Grand River of the Indian territory (now South Dakota). As a young boy, he was already showing promise as a leader. Therefore, believing the spirit was driving him, Sitting Bull became chief of the Sioux tribe. Little did he know that he […]

Famous Sioux
January 20, 2002

Red Cloud gave this farewell address to the Lakota people on July 4, 1903, as he anticipated death approaching.

“My sun is set. My day is done. Darkness is stealing over me. Before I lie down to rise no more, I will speak to my people.”

Famous Sioux