Extinct American Indian Tribes K to M

An alphabetical list of extinct native american indian tribes of the United States K to M. Each tribal profile explains who they were, where they lived, how they lived, an account of first contact with Europeans, population if known, and a brief explanation of what happed to them.Links to tribal profile pages are at the bottom of the page.

A-C
D-G
H-J
K-M
N-P
Q-S
T-V
W-Z

Some Extinct, Some Not?
KADAPAUS, a tribe in N. Carolina in 1707. KAHUNKLES, 400 in 1820, W. Rocky Mountains; abode unknown. KALOOSAS, a tribe found early in Florida, long since extinct. KANENAVISH, on the Padoucas’ fork of the Platte; 400 in 1805. KANHAWAS, Ganawese or Canhaways; on the River Kanhawa, formerly. KANSAS, on the Arkansas River; about 1,000 in 1836 ; in 1820, 1,850. KASKASKIAS, (Illin.) on a river of same name flowing into the Mississ. ; 250 in 1797. KASKAYAS, between sources of the Platte and Rocky Mountains, 3,000 in 1836. KATTEKA, (Padoucas,) not located by travellers. See PADOUCAS. KEEKATSA, (Crows,) both sides Yellowstone above mouth Big Horn r., 3,500 in 1805. KEYCHE, E. branch Trinity River in 1806; Once on the Sabine; 260 in 1820. KIAWAS, On Padouca River, beyond the Kites; 1,000 in 1806. KIGENE, on the shore of Pacific Ocean in 1821, under the chief Skittegates. KIKAPOO, formerly in Illinois; now about 300, chiefly beyond the Mississippi. KILLAMUK, a branch of the Clatsops, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean; about 1,000. KILLAWAT, in a larege town on the coast of the Pacific, E of the Luktons. KILLAXTHOCLES, 100 in 1820, at the mouth of Columbia River, on N. side. KIMOENIMS, a band of the Chopunnish, on Lewis’s River; 800 in 1820, in 33 clans. KINAL, about Cook’s Inlet, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. KITES, (Staetans,) between sources Platte and Rocky Mountains; about 500 in 1820. KISKAKONS inhabited Michilmakinak in 1680; a Huron tribe. KNISTENAUX, on Assinnaboin River; 5,000 in 1812; numerous; women comely. KONAGENS, Esquimaux, inhabiting Kadjak Island, lat 58° lon 152º W. KOOK-KOO-OOSE, on the coast of the Pacific, S. of the Killawats; 1,500 in 1835. KUSKARAWAOKS, one of six tribes on E. shore of Chesapeak in 1607; (‘Tuscaroras ?)
LAHANNA, 2,000 in 1820, both sides Columbia, above the mouth of Clark’s River. LAPANNE, See APACHES. LARTIELO, 600 in 1820, at the falls of Lastaw River, below Wayton Lake LEAF, (Sioux,) 600 in 1820, on the Missouri, above Prairie du Chien. LEECH RIVER, about 350 in 1820, near Sandy Lake, lat. 46° 9′ N. LENNA LENAPE, once from Hudson to Delaware River; now scattered in the West. LIPANIS, 800 in 1816, from Rio Grande to the interior of Texas; light hair. LOUCHEUX, next N. of the Esquimaux, or S. of lat. 67° 15′ N. LUKAWIS, 830 in 1820, W. of the Rocky Mountains; abode unknown. LUKKARSO, 1,200 in 1820, coast of Pacific, S. of Columbia r. beyond the Shallalah. LUKTONS, 20 in 1820, W. of the Rocky Mountains; abode unknown.MACHAPUNGAS, in N. Carolina in 1700; practiced circumcision. MANDANs, 1,250 in 1805, 1200 m. fm. mouth of Miisso. 1838 reduced to 21 ands, pox. MANGOAGS, or TUTELOES, (Iroquois,) Nottoway River, formerly, now extinct. MANHATTANS, (Mohicans,) once on the island where New York city now stands. MANNAHOAKS, once on the upper waters of the Rappahannock r.; extinct long ago. MARACHITES, (Abenakies,) on the St. John’s ; a remnant remains. MARSAPEAGUES mice on Long Island, S, side of Oyster Bay; extinct. MARSHPEES, (Wampanoags,) 315 in 18:32; Barnstable Co. Mas. mixed with blacks. MASCOUTINS, or FIRE, IND., betw. Mississ. and L. Michigan, 1665; (Sacs and Foxes?) MASSACHUSETTS, the state perpetuates their name. MASSAWOMES (Iroquois,) once spread over Kentucky. MATHLASOBS, 500 in 1820, on an island in the mouth of Wallaumut River, W. R. MAYES, 600 in 1805, St. Gabriel Creek, mouth of Guadaloupe River, Louisiana. MENOMINIES, (Algonkins,) once on Illinois r. ; now 300 W. Mississippi. MESSASSAGNES, 2,000 in 1764, N. of, and adjacent to, L. Huron and Superior. MIAMIS, (Algonkins,) once on the r. of their name; now 1,500, beyond the Mississ. MIKASAUKIES, (Seminoles,) about 1,000 in 1821 ; very warlike. MIKMAKS, (Algonkius,) 3,000 in 1760, in Nova Scotia ; the Suriquois of the French. MIKSUKSEALTON, (Tushepaha,) 300 in 1820, Clark’s River, above great falls, W. R. MINETARES, 2,500 in 1805, 5 m. above the Mandans, on both sides Knife River. MINDAWARCARTON, in 1805, on both sides Mississippi, from St. Peter’s upward. MINGOES, once such of the Iroquois were so called as resided upon the Scioto River. MINSI, Wolf tribe of the Lenna Lenape, once over New Jersey and part of Penn. MISSOURIES, once on that part of the River just below Grand r., in 1820. MITCHIGAMIES, one of the five tribes of the Illinois ; location uncertain. MOHAWKS, head of Five Nations ; formerly on Mohawk r. ; a few now in Canada. MOHEGANS, or MOHEAKUNNUKS, in 1610, Hudson r. from Esopus to Albany. MONACANS, (Tuscaroras,) once near where Richmond, Virginia, now is. MONGOULATCIIES, on the W. side of the Mississippi. See BAYAGOULAS. MONTAGNES, (Algonkins,) N. side St. Law., betw. Saguenay and Tadousac, in 1609. MONTAUKS, on E. end of Long Island, formerly ; head of 13 tribes of that island. MORATOKS, 80 in 1607; 40 in 1669, in Lancaster and Richmond counties, Virginia. MOSQUITOS, once a numerous race on the E. side of the Isthmus of Darien. MULTNOMAHS, (Wappatoo,) 800 in 1820, mouth of Multnomah River, W. R. MUNSEYS, (Delawares,) in 1780, N. branch Susquehannah r. ; to the Wabash in 1808. MUSKOGEES, 17,000 in 1775, on Alabama and Apalachicola Rivers. See B. iv.
Indian Tribes and Nations existing in 1880. Some now Extinct?
 
KADAPAUS, a tribe in N. Carolina in 1707. KAHUNKLES, 400 in 1820, W. Rocky Mountains; abode unknown. KALOOSAS, a tribe found early in Florida, long since extinct. KANENAVISH, on the Padoucas’ fork of the Platte; 400 in 1805. KANHAWAS, Ganawese or Canhaways; on the River Kanhawa, formerly. KANSAS, on the Arkansas River; about 1,000 in 1836 ; in 1820, 1,850. KASKASKIAS, (Illin.) on a river of same name flowing into the Mississ. ; 250 in 1797. KASKAYAS, between sources of the Platte and Rocky Mountains, 3,000 in 1836. KATTEKA, (Padoucas,) not located by travellers. See PADOUCAS. KEEKATSA, (Crows,) both sides Yellowstone above mouth Big Horn r., 3,500 in 1805. KEYCHE, E. branch Trinity River in 1806; Once on the Sabine; 260 in 1820. KIAWAS, On Padouca River, beyond the Kites; 1,000 in 1806. KIGENE, on the shore of Pacific Ocean in 1821, under the chief Skittegates. KIKAPOO, formerly in Illinois; now about 300, chiefly beyond the Mississippi. KILLAMUK, a branch of the Clatsops, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean; about 1,000. KILLAWAT, in a larege town on the coast of the Pacific, E of the Luktons. KILLAXTHOCLES, 100 in 1820, at the mouth of Columbia River, on N. side. KIMOENIMS, a band of the Chopunnish, on Lewis’s River; 800 in 1820, in 33 clans. KINAL, about Cook’s Inlet, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. KITES, (Staetans,) between sources Platte and Rocky Mountains; about 500 in 1820. KISKAKONS inhabited Michilmakinak in 1680; a Huron tribe. KNISTENAUX, on Assinnaboin River; 5,000 in 1812; numerous; women comely. KONAGENS, Esquimaux, inhabiting Kadjak Island, lat 58° lon 152º W. KOOK-KOO-OOSE, on the coast of the Pacific, S. of the Killawats; 1,500 in 1835. KUSKARAWAOKS, one of six tribes on E. shore of Chesapeak in 1607; (‘Tuscaroras ?)
LAHANNA, 2,000 in 1820, both sides Columbia, above the mouth of Clark’s River. LAPANNE, See APACHES. LARTIELO, 600 in 1820, at the falls of Lastaw River, below Wayton Lake LEAF, (Sioux,) 600 in 1820, on the Missouri, above Prairie du Chien. LEECH RIVER, about 350 in 1820, near Sandy Lake, lat. 46° 9′ N. LENNA LENAPE, once from Hudson to Delaware River; now scattered in the West. LIPANIS, 800 in 1816, from Rio Grande to the interior of Texas; light hair. LOUCHEUX, next N. of the Esquimaux, or S. of lat. 67° 15′ N. LUKAWIS, 830 in 1820, W. of the Rocky Mountains; abode unknown. LUKKARSO, 1,200 in 1820, coast of Pacific, S. of Columbia r. beyond the Shallalah. LUKTONS, 20 in 1820, W. of the Rocky Mountains; abode unknown.MACHAPUNGAS, in N. Carolina in 1700; practiced circumcision. MANDANs, 1,250 in 1805, 1200 m. fm. mouth of Miisso. 1838 reduced to 21 ands, pox. MANGOAGS, or TUTELOES, (Iroquois,) Nottoway River, formerly, now extinct. MANHATTANS, (Mohicans,) once on the island where New York city now stands. MANNAHOAKS, once on the upper waters of the Rappahannock r.; extinct long ago. MARACHITES, (Abenakies,) on the St. John’s ; a remnant remains. MARSAPEAGUES mice on Long Island, S, side of Oyster Bay; extinct. MARSHPEES, (Wampanoags,) 315 in 18:32; Barnstable Co. Mas. mixed with blacks. MASCOUTINS, or FIRE, IND., betw. Mississ. and L. Michigan, 1665; (Sacs and Foxes?) MASSACHUSETTS, the state perpetuates their name. MASSAWOMES (Iroquois,) once spread over Kentucky. MATHLASOBS, 500 in 1820, on an island in the mouth of Wallaumut River, W. R. MAYES, 600 in 1805, St. Gabriel Creek, mouth of Guadaloupe River, Louisiana. MENOMINIES, (Algonkins,) once on Illinois r. ; now 300 W. Mississippi. MESSASSAGNES, 2,000 in 1764, N. of, and adjacent to, L. Huron and Superior. MIAMIS, (Algonkins,) once on the r. of their name; now 1,500, beyond the Mississ. MIKASAUKIES, (Seminoles,) about 1,000 in 1821 ; very warlike. MIKMAKS, (Algonkius,) 3,000 in 1760, in Nova Scotia ; the Suriquois of the French. MIKSUKSEALTON, (Tushepaha,) 300 in 1820, Clark’s River, above great falls, W. R. MINETARES, 2,500 in 1805, 5 m. above the Mandans, on both sides Knife River. MINDAWARCARTON, in 1805, on both sides Mississippi, from St. Peter’s upward. MINGOES, once such of the Iroquois were so called as resided upon the Scioto River. MINSI, Wolf tribe of the Lenna Lenape, once over New Jersey and part of Penn. MISSOURIES, once on that part of the River just below Grand r., in 1820. MITCHIGAMIES, one of the five tribes of the Illinois ; location uncertain. MOHAWKS, head of Five Nations ; formerly on Mohawk r. ; a few now in Canada. MOHEGANS, or MOHEAKUNNUKS, in 1610, Hudson r. from Esopus to Albany. MONACANS, (Tuscaroras,) once near where Richmond, Virginia, now is. MONGOULATCIIES, on the W. side of the Mississippi. See BAYAGOULAS. MONTAGNES, (Algonkins,) N. side St. Law., betw. Saguenay and Tadousac, in 1609. MONTAUKS, on E. end of Long Island, formerly ; head of 13 tribes of that island. MORATOKS, 80 in 1607; 40 in 1669, in Lancaster and Richmond counties, Virginia. MOSQUITOS, once a numerous race on the E. side of the Isthmus of Darien. MULTNOMAHS, (Wappatoo,) 800 in 1820, mouth of Multnomah River, W. R. MUNSEYS, (Delawares,) in 1780, N. branch Susquehannah r. ; to the Wabash in 1808. MUSKOGEES, 17,000 in 1775, on Alabama and Apalachicola Rivers. See B. iv.
 

Koroa Indians

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January 1, 2017

The Koroa Indians are one of many “small tribes” of the Southeastern United States that are mentioned briefly in historic accounts and then fade from the records during the colonial period. There is evidence that some Koroa may have resided in present-day Arkansas in the late seventeenth century, but the ancestral homeland, cultural roots, and historic fate of the Koroa remain issues of disagreement among today’s scholars.

Extinct American Indian Tribes K to M