The Death Valley Indian Community is home to the federally recognized Timbasha Shoshone. This reservation was not formally recognized as an Indian reservation until 1982. It encompasses just under 10,000 acres. President Hoover took the tribe’s ancestral lands to create the Death Valley National Monument in 1933.
Reservations A to Z
An Indian reservation is an area of land managed by a Native American tribe under the United States Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Indian Affairs. There are about 310 Indian reservations in the United States, meaning not all of the country’s 550-plus recognized tribes have a reservation — some tribes have more than one reservation, while others have none. In addition, because of past land allotments, leading to some sales to non-Indians, some reservations are severely fragmented. Each piece of tribal, individual, and privately held land is a separate enclave. This jumble of private and public real estate creates significant administrative, political, and legal difficulties.
Other names that mean indian reservation
In California, about half of the Indian reservations are called Rancherias and many tribes are referred to as Mission Indians. In New Mexico, most reservations are called Pueblos. In some western states, such as Nevada, there are Native American areas called Indian Colonies.In Alaska, with one exception, Alaskan Natives do not have reservations, but are organized by villages, which do own lands reserved for the use of the village, and whose interests are overseen by Regional Corporations.
In Canada, reservations are called Reserves.
2.3% of the United States is designated as Indian reservations.
The collective geographical area of all reservations is 55.7 million acres (225,410 km²), representing 2.3% of the area of the United States (2,379,400,204 acres; 9,629,091 km²). Twelve Indian reservations are larger than the state of Rhode Island (776,960 acres; 3,144 km²) and nine reservations are larger than Delaware (1,316,480 acres; 5,327 km²). The Navajo Indian Reservation, the largest in the US, compares in size to the state of West Virginia. Reservations are unevenly distributed throughout the country. The majority are west of the Mississippi River and occupy lands that were first reserved by treaty or ‘granted’ from the public domain.
Most reservations have laws independent of off-reservation lands
Because tribes possess tribal sovereignty, even though it is limited, laws on tribal lands vary from the surrounding area These laws can permit legal tribal casinos on reservations, for example. The tribal council and tribal courts, not the local or federal government, generally has jurisdiction over reservations. Different reservations have different systems of government, which may or may not replicate the forms of government found outside the reservation.Most Indian reservations were established by the federal government. A limited number, mainly in the East, owe their origin to state recognition. As sovereignties, Native American tribes are allowed to enforce both civil and criminal laws among their members. The exception is when a felony crime, such as murder, is involved. Then the FBI has jurisdiction.They also tax, license, and regulate all activities and commerce that is conducted within their jurisdictional boundaries. The governments established by the 564 federally recognized Native American tribes are granted with enforcement of many of the same powers the federal government grants to individual states. These Native American tribes also function under many of the same limitations the government places on states, too. Individual states and Native American tribes are restricted in their operations by three major limitations placed upon them by the US government. Neither entity can wage war, coin their own money or establish a money system, and they cannot engage in independent relationships with foreign nations.
Why they are called indian ‘reservations’
The name “reservation” comes from the conception of the Indian tribes as independent sovereigns at the time the U.S. Constitution was ratified. Thus, the early peace treaties (often signed under duress) in which Indian tribes surrendered large portions of land to the U.S. also designated parcels which the tribes, as sovereigns, “reserved” to themselves, and those parcels came to be called “reservations.” The reservation term remained in use even after the federal government began to forcibly relocate tribes to parcels of land to which they had no historical connection.
As of 2010, approximately 51% of Native Americans and Alaska Natives live somewhere other than their designated tribal reservations, often in large western urban areas, partly due to federal government relocation programs introduced in the 1940s, and partly because that is where employment opportunities are likely to be found….Read more about american indian reservation beginnings.
Also see:Reservation NewsUS Indian Reservations by StateUS Indian Reservations by Tribe
Indian reservations starting with A to C | D to G | H to K | L to N | O to R | S to T | U to Z
The Agua Caliente Indian Reservation is home to the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians. This tribe received federal recognition in 1957. The Agua Caliente Indian Reservation was founded in 1896. A period of forced cultural assimilation followed, including taking Indian children to boarding schools where they were forbidden to speak their language.
The Bad River Reservation in northwestern Wisconsin is the largest Chippewa reservation in the state. The reservation boundaries include lands in Ashland and Iron counties, 17 miles of Lake Superior shoreline and over 100 miles of rivers and streams. Over 90% of the reservation is undeveloped land.
The Duck Valley Indian Reservation of Idaho and Nevada is situated in a beautiful, green valley on the Nevada and Idaho border. Descendents of the Western Shoshone and the Northern Paiute occupy the Duck Valley Indian Reservation of Idaho and Nevada. Various bands of the two closely related tribes have jointly utilized the area from time immemorial.
Wind River Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation shared by the Eastern Shoshone and Northern Arapaho tribes of Native Americans in the central western portion of the U.S. state of Wyoming. Today, the tribes are offically are known as the Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation and the Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation.
The Hoh Indian Reservation is located in Washington State was established by an Executive Order in 1893. The Hoh Reservation consists of 443 acres located 28 miles south of Forks, and 80 miles north of Aberdeen. The Hoh Reservation has approximately one mile of beach front running east from the mouth of the Hoh River, […]
The Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin, while having no official reservation has parcels of land placed in Trust as Indian Trust Land as designated by the federal government, Secretary of the Interior and Bureau of Indian Affairs(BIA) spread over Dane, Jackson, Juneau, Monroe, Sauk, Shawano, and Wood Counties, Wisconsin. In 1990, the land designated as trust […]
The Winnebago Indian Reservation lies primarily in the northern part of Thurston and a small part of Dixon counties in northeastern Nebraska, with an additional portion in Woodbury County, Iowa. There is also a small plot of off-reservation land of 116.75 acres (0.4725 km2) in southern Craig Township in Burt County, Nebraska. The total land area is 457.857 km² […]
The Spokane ancestral homelands were located along the Spokane River from the Idaho border to the confluence of the Spokane and Columbia Rivers. Although not participants to the early signed treaties, the Spokane Indians were recognized, and maintained their identity and ties to traditional lands.
Blackfeet Indian Reservation is in the U.S. state of Montana, located just east of Glacier National Park. In fact, the Blackfeet ceded the land that is now Glacier Park to the United States to make the park. It borders the Canadian province of Alberta. The Blackfeet Indian Reservation is home to the primarily Piegan Blackfeet branch, and some Southern Siksika. The other three branches of the Blackfoot tribe reside on other reservations in Alberta, Canada.
Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Reservation Tribe(s): The Anishinaabeg (an Ojibwe/Chippewa word meaning “The People”) of the Fond du Lac Reservation are primarily members of the Lake Superior Band of Chippewa, who in turn are one band of the federally recognized Minnesota Chippewa Tribe. The Chippewa Nation is the second largest […]
The Augustine Reservation is home to a federally recognized Cahuilla band of Native Americans based in Coachella, California called the Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians. They are one of the smallest tribal nations in the United States, consisting of only eight members, only one of whom is an adult.
The namesake for the Augustine Tribe and Reservation was Captain Vee-Vee Augustine who was born in the year 1820. Notes from early explorers indicated that the Cahuilla People were flourishing in the area at this time with 22 villages. In 1856 surveyors with the United States Land Office noted on their maps an important Cahuilla Village that would later be designated as the Augustine Reservation.
Metlakatla, Alaska is a community of Tsimshian people who followed a missionary of the Anglican Church of England, Mr. William Duncan, to a new home in the United States from their previous home in British Columbia, Canada. The United States Congress granted recognition to the new community in 1891 by creating the Annette Islands Reserve, a federal Indian reservation. Today it is the only indian reservation in the State of Alaska.
The Alturas Indian Rancheria is a federally recognized tribe of Achomawi Indians in California. The Achomawi are also known as the Pit River Indians. The tribe controls a 20-acre (81,000 m2) reservation about one mile southeast of Alturas, California, in Modoc County.
Both Chief Rocky Boy’s band and Chief Little Bear’s band were Plains Indians, a primarily hunting and gathering culture. The hunting of buffalo was central to the lifestyle of Cree people for thousands of years and to western Chippewa since the early1800’s.
Here is a list of the 50 largest federally recognized Indian reservations in the United States by area. It includes all that are larger than 800 km² (300 sq. mi.). Area is defined as all areas included in Tribal Census Tracts by the Census Bureau, and includes water as well as land areas. Statistics are […]
There is one indian reservation in Wyoming. Wyoming Indian Reservations Reservation: Wind RiverTribes: Northern Arapaho and Eastern Band of Shoshoni.Acres: 95, 307Established by: Treaty of July 3, 1868 (xv, 673); acts of June 22, 1874 (xviIi, 166), and Dec. 15, 1874 (xviii, 291); Executive order, May 21, 1887; agreement made Apr. 21, 1896, amended […]
There are seven indian reservations in Wisconsin. Wisconsin Indian Reservations Reservation: Lac Court OreilleTribes: Lac Court Oreille band of Chippewa of Lake SuperiorAcres: 20,096Established by: Treaty of Sept. 30, 1854 (x, 1109); lands withdrawn by General Land Office, Nov.22, 1860, Apr. 4, 1865 (see report by Secretary of the Interior, Mar. 1, 1873). Act […]
There are no federal indian reservations in the state of Virginia. However, there are a number of state recognized tribes who have community lands. They are: Virginia Indian Reservations Chickahominy Tribe:RFD 1, PO Box 299Providence Forge, VA 23140 Eastern Chickahominy Tribe:Route 2, PO Box 90Providence Forge, VA 23140 Mattaponi Indian Tribe:Route 2, PO Box […]
South Dakota Indian Reservations Reservation: Crow Creek and Old WinnebagoTribes: Lower Yanktonai, Lower Brulé, Miniconjou, and Two Kettle (Oohenonpa) Sioux.Acres: 111,711Established by: Order of department, July 1, 1863; treaty of Apr. 29, 1868 (xv, 635); and Executive order, Feb. 27, 1885, annulled by the President’s proclamation of Apr. 17, 1885; act of Mar. 2, 1889 […]
There is one one land trust area in the state of North Carolina. As a trust, the land is technically not a “reservation” per se, in that tribal members can buy and own the land, provided they are enrolled members of the Tribe of the Eastern Band of the Cherokee of North Carolina.