Treaties by Year

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Complete texts of Native American Indian treaties arranged by year.

May 12, 2017

These are the articles of agreement and list of signees for a treaty made at Fort Gibson on the Arkansas River in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) on February 14, 1833 between representatives of the United States and the Western Cherokees (Cherokees west of the Mississippi River).

Treaties by Year
May 11, 2017

This treaty signed in the City of Washington on May 6, 1828 removed the Western Cherokee from the Territory of Arkansas to West of the Missississippi River. This is a copy of the full articles of that treaty, along with the list of signees. It also has clauses that pertain to the Choctaw and Creek Indians.

Treaties by Year
May 11, 2017

This is the full articles and list of signees of the February 27, 1819 Treaty with the Cherokee signed in the City of Washington, a corrected copy made March 1, 1819, and incorporating ammendments added at Cherokee Agency on January 6, 1817 and July 8, 1817.

Treaties by Year
May 5, 2017

This is the full text and list of signees of a treaty made at the Chickasaw Council House on September 14, 1816 between the United States and the Cherokee Indians, which was ratified at Turkey Town October 4, 1816.

Treaties by Year
May 3, 2017

Articles concluded at Hopewell, on the Keowee, between Benjamin Hawkins, Andrew Pickens, Joseph Martin, and Lachlan M’Intosh, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, of the one Part, and the Head-Men and Warriors of all the Cherokees of the other signed on November 28, 1785 at Hopewell.

Treaties by Year
May 3, 2017

This is the full text, along with the list of signees of the 1854 Treaty with the Chasta (Shasta), Etc. at Apple Creek, Oregon Territory struck on November 18, 1854 between the United States and the Chasta (Shasta), Scotons, and the Grave Creek band of Umpquas.

Treaties by Year
May 3, 2017

This is the full text and list of signees of a treaty  signed June 9, 1855 at Camp Stevens, Washington Territory between the US and the Walla-Wallas, Cayuses, and Umatilla tribes, and bands of Indians, occupying lands partly in Washington and partly in Oregon Territories. It was ratified March 8, 1859.

Treaties by Year
May 3, 2017

This is the full text and signee list of a 1794 treaty with the Six Nations concluded at  Konondaigua, New York on November 11, 1794. The Six Nations include the Senecas, Mohawks, Onondagas,  Cayugas, Oneida and Tuscarora Nations. However, this treaty was never ratified by the US Senate.

Treaties by Year
May 3, 2017

This is the full text of a treaty made  between, Ninian Edwards and Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners on behalf of the United States of America, and the undersigned, principal chiefs and warriors of the Peoria, Kaskaskia, Mitchigamia, Cahokia, and Tamarois tribes of the Illinois Nation of Indians, on behalf of the said tribes, signed on September 25, 1818.

Treaties by Year
May 3, 2017

This is the full text of the articles of a treaty made at the Agency-house in the Caddo nation,State of Louisiana, on tJuly 1, 1835 between Jehiel Brooks, Commissioner on the part of the United States, and the Chiefs, head men, and Warriors of the Caddo nation of Indians, along with a list of the signees.

Treaties by Year
May 2, 2017

This is the complete text and list of signees for the 1855 Blackfeet Treaty made on October 17, 1855 on the Upper Missouri, near the mouth of the Judith River, Nebraska Territory. Signees included representatives of the Blackfoot Nation, consisting of the Piegan, Blood, and Blackfoot, and the Gros Ventres, Flathead, Upper Pend d’Oreille, Kootenay, and the Nez Percé tribe of Indians. It contained provisions against intoxication.

Treaties by Year
May 2, 2017

This article contains the full text of the 1868 Fort Laramie Treaty with the Sioux and Arapaho signed on April 29, 1868 at Fort Laramie, Dakota Territory, and ratified on February 24, 1869.

Among the Soiux chiefs present were representatives of the Brule, Oglala, Miniconjou, Yanktonai, Hunkpapa, Blackfeet-Sioux, Cuthead, Two Kettle, Sans Arcs, and Santee Sioux.

This treaty covered more than 40 areas of concern, including the establishment of military forts.

Treaties by Year
May 2, 2017

This article contains the complete text and of the Fort Laramie Treaty signed on September 17, 1851, and signed by chiefs of the Dakota Sioux, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Crow, Assinaboines, Gros-Ventre, Mandans, and Arikara tribes residing south of the Missouri River, east of the Rocky Mountains, and north of the lines of Texas and New Mexico.

Treaties by Year
May 2, 2017

The Apalachicola Band of Creek Indians became a federal tribe under the Additional Article of the 1823 Treaty with the Florida Indians. Six chiefs from among the thirty-two Florida Indian leaders were rewarded with tribal status and a 100 mile reservation in Northwest Florida as friendly allies of the Americans during the Patriot Revolution, War of 1812, the Creek War 1813, and the First Seminole War in 1820. That reservation was surrendered in the following treaty.

Treaties by Year
May 2, 2017

The Apalachicola Band of Creek Indians became a federal tribe under the Additional Article of the 1823 Treaty with the Florida Indians. Six chiefs from among the thirty-two Florida Indian leaders were rewarded with tribal status and a 100 mile reservation in Northwest Florida as friendly allies of the Americans during the Patriot Revolution, War of 1812, the Creek War 1813, and the First Seminole War in 1820. That reservation was surrendered in the following treaty.

Treaties by Year
May 2, 2017

The Apalachicola Band of Creek Indians became a federal tribe under the Additional Article of the 1823 Treaty with the Florida Indians. Six chiefs from among the thirty-two Florida Indian leaders were rewarded with tribal status and a 100 mile reservation in Northwest Florida as friendly allies of the Americans during the Patriot Revolution, War of 1812, the Creek War 1813, and the First Seminole War in 1820. That reservation was surrendered in the following treaty.

Treaties by Year
April 30, 2017

Fort Atkinson was the first regular army post on the Santa Fe trail in the heart of the Indian country.  It was part of the rapidly expanding American military frontier in the Far West following the Mexican War. As people traveled westward to occupy new lands for farming and ranching, rushed for gold, and exploited other natural resources of the vast continent, the need increased for military protection from the Indians whose homelands were being iinvaded. In 1853 a treaty was struck between the US Government and  the Comanche, Kiowa and Apache Indians at Fort Atkinson.

Treaties by Year
January 27, 2016

The first treaty signed by the United States was with the Delaware (also known as Lenape) at Fort Pitt in 1778.  The Articles of Confederation were adopted between the states a little over a year earlier in 1777, to establish a government independent of British rule. The primary purposes of the treaty with the Delaware was to gain Delaware trade, and political and military alliance on the side of the Americans during the War of Independence. The British likewise sought military and political alliances among the Indian nations to fight against the rebellious Americans.

Treaties by Year
January 5, 2016

The Bear Spring Treaty was the first treaty made with the Navajo tribe. It affected the traditional Navajo homelands, which stretched from Arizona through western New Mexico, where there was a long history of Southwest bands raiding and trading with each other all the way back into the late 1500s. The people who shared this geographical area included Navajo, Spanish, Mexican, Apache, Comanche, Ute, and after 1846, American settlers. A Navajo raid on Socorro, New Mexico near the end of September, 1846, precipitated this American Indian treaty with the United States.

Treaties by Year
March 17, 2014

This is the actual wording of a treaty made at Santa Fe, New Mexico on July 1, 1852 between representatives of the US Government and the Apache Nation.

Treaties by Year
December 27, 2010

Home :: Treaties by Tribe :: Treaties by Tribe A-C :: Treaty With The Comanche, Aionai, Anadarko, Caddo, Etc., 1846

The United States sent Pierce M. Butler and M.S. Lewis to negotiate a treaty with the Texas Indians in May of 1846. Butler knew most of the Caddo chiefs, but became ill, so Lewis, who was less experienced and competent took charge. Lewis collected the Indian signatures on separate pieced of paper, but did not identify them by tribe. Later it was revealed that he wrote the actual treaty after he returned to Washington.

This is the exact wording of the treaty made at Council Springs, Texas on May 15, 1846 between the United States and 63 Indians from the Comanche tribe, I-on-I Band  (also sometimes called Hainai, Aynais, Aynay, Ainai, and Ayonai – they were the primary group in the Hasinai confederacy and part of the greater Caddo Tribe.), the Ana-da-ca Band (Anadarko Tribe),Cadoe Tribe (Caddo tribe), Lepan (Lipan Apache), Long-wha tribe (the Longwha cannot be identified except for their inclusion in the preamble of this treaty – they are not included in the signature section), Keechy Tribe, Tah-wa-carro (Tahuacarro or Tahwacarro – Who are they?), Wichita, and Waco tribes of Indians.

Treaties by Year