US Tribes Q-S

Click on a letter of the alphabet to go to US Tribes starting with that letter. Where known, the official name is used. Linked tribal names go to their profile index page which will contain more links to sections of our site where you can find articles about that tribe and related tribes.


N -O-P

KEY:(F)= Federally Recognized, (S)= State Recognized, (T)= Terminated, (U)= Unrecognized, (M)= Mesoamerican Civilizations,(P)= Petitioning for Recognition, (C)= Canadian Tribes, (E)= Extinct, (IRA)= Indian Reorganization Act
Inclusion on this site does NOT mean an endorsement has been made for recognition of any particular tribe. All entities claiming to be US indian tribes that we are aware of have been included for completeness. Where known, we have indicated official tribal status with our Key Chart, based on information released by the BIA as of May 2016.In many cases we have not verified the validity of the claim of tribal status, and leave it to your own common sense or further research to validate tribal claims.Alternate names in parenthesis are either older names that were once used to identify that tribe, or they are misspellings.Links to tribal profile pages are at the bottom of the page.
US tribes starting with Q
Quapaw Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma -See Bottom of Page Quartz Valley Indian Community of the Quartz Valley Reservation of California -See Bottom of Page Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation, California & Arizona -See Bottom of Page Quileute Tribe of the Quileute Reservation, Washington -See Bottom of Page Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Reservation, Washington -See Bottom of Page
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US tribes starting with R

Redding Rancheria
Resighini Rancheria, California (formerly the Coast Indian Community of Yurok Indians of the Resighini Rancheria)
Robinson Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California
Rohnerville Rancheria – See Bear River Band of the Rohnerville Rancheria
Smith River Rancheria – See Tolowa Dee-ni’ Nation
Rumsey Indian Rancheria of Wintun Indians of California – See Yocha Dehe Wintun Nation
United Auburn Indian Community of the Auburn Rancheria of California

Rocky Boy’s Chippewa Cree Tribe – See Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy’s Reservation
Rumsey Indian Rancheria – See Yocha Dehe Wintun Nation
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US tribes starting with S
Sac & Fox (Sauk)

Sac & Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa
Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska
Sac & Fox Nation, Oklahoma
Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe, Washington


Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation
Kootenai Tribe of Idaho
Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation
Lower Elwha Tribal Community, WA

San Juan Pueblo — See Ohkay Owingeh
Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe, New York (formerly the St. Regis Band of Mohawk Indians of New York) – See Bottom of Page
Santa Ysabel – See Iipay Nation of Santa Ysabel
Santo Domingo Pueblo — See Kewa Pueblo

Miccosukee Tribe of Indians (F)
Seminole Nation of Oklahoma (F)
Seminole Tribe of Florida (F)


Seneca Nation of Indians (F)
Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma (F)
Tonawanda Band of Seneca (F)


Absentee Shawnee (F)
Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma (F)
Shawnee Tribe (F)
Shawnee Nation United Remnant Band (U)


Battle Mountain Band, Elko Band Colony, South Fork Reservation and the Wells Band Colony- See Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada
Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of the Duckwater Reservation
Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation (F), Wyoming
Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation of Idaho (F)
Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, Nevada (F)

Sioux Tribes

Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation
Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe (F)
Crow Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation(South Dakota)(F)
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota
Fort Belknap Indian Community of the Fort Belknap Reservation of Montana
Lower Brule Sioux Tribe of the Lower Brule Reservation
Lower Sioux Indian Community in the State of Minnesota
Oglala Sioux Tribe
Prairie Island Indian Community in the State of Minnesota
Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud Reservation
Santee Sioux Nation
Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community of Minnesota
Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation, South Dakota (F)
Spirit Lake Tribe (F)
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North & South Dakota (F)
Upper Sioux Community
Yankton Sioux Tribe

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S’Kallam – See Klallam
Smith River Rancheria – See Tolowa Dee-ni’ Nation

Shawnee Tribe

November 29, 2014

The Shawnee Tribe is one of three federally recognized Shawnee tribes. They were the last Shawnee to relinquish their Ohio territory, and the last Shawnee tribe to gain federal recognition.

US Tribes Q-S
July 11, 2012

The Quinault Indian Nation is a federally recognized tribe of Quinault, Queets, Quileute, Hoh, Chehalis, Chinook, and Cowlitz people. They are a Southwestern Coast Salish people of the Pacific Northwest Coast.

US Tribes Q-S
July 11, 2012

The Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians is the only Chippewa Band in Minnesota not affiliated with the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, the umbrella governmental organization formed under the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934. The Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians are part of the Algonquian family of aboriginal North Americans.

US Tribes Q-S
July 11, 2012

Who is the Reno Sparks Indian Colony?

The Reno-Sparks Indian Colony is a federally recognized Indian tribe located near Reno and Sparks, Nevada. The tribal membership consists of over 900 members from three Great Basin Tribes – the Paiute, the Shoshone, and the Washoe. They make up the majority of people who live within the reservation land base.

US Tribes Q-S
July 11, 2012

Robinson Rancheria is the home of primarily Pomo people. They also have some Athabascan or Dene People, and Algonquin people including the Wappo, Wiyot, Yuki, and Yurok. They are located in Lake County on the northwestern edge of Clear Lake in Northern California.

US Tribes Q-S
July 11, 2012

Who are the Round Valley Indian Tribes of the Round Valley Reservation?

The Round Valley Indians consists of the Covelo Indian Community. This community is an acculmination of small tribes; the Yuki, who were the original inhabitants of Round Valley, Concow, Little Lake and other Maidu, Pomo, Nomlaki, Cahto, Wailaki, and Pit River peoples. They were forced onto the land formerly occupied by the Yuki tribe. From years of intermarriage, a common lifestyle, and a shared land base, a unified community emerged. Their heritage is a rich combination of different cultures with a common reservation experience and history.

US Tribes Q-S
July 11, 2012

The Meskwaki established a permanent settlement near Tama, Iowa and are the Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa.With the turbulent years between the Removal and Reservation Periods, most tribes were being forced into reservations. The Meskwaki are the first and one of the few tribes that returned home. The Meskwaki with their perseverance and faith in their traditional Meskwaki religious beliefs plus trust in themselves and their leaders that they would prevail in order to return, purchased private land and remained in Iowa.

US Tribes Q-S
July 11, 2012

The Sac and Fox Nation is the largest of the three federally recognized tribes of Sauk and Meskwaki (Fox) Native Americans. They are located in Oklahoma and are predominantly Sauk. The Thakiwa tribal headquarters are in Stroud, Oklahoma and they are the Sac and Fox Nation of Oklahoma.

US Tribes Q-S
July 11, 2012

The San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, in southeastern Arizona, was established in 1872 as a reservation for the Ndeh or Chiricahua Apache tribe. It was referred to by some as “Hell’s Forty Acres,” due to a myriad of dismal health and environmental conditions. Today, this tribe is known as the San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation.

US Tribes Q-S
July 11, 2012

San Manuel Band of Mission Indians is a federally recognized tribe located near the city of Highland, California. San Manuel is one of several clans of Serrano Indians, who are the indigenous people of the San Bernardino valley and highlands.  

US Tribes Q-S
July 11, 2012

Ancestors of the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians were Anishinaabeg fishing tribes whose settlements dotted the upper Great Lakes around Lake Superior, Lake Michigan and Lake Huron, throughout the St. Marys River system and the Straits of Mackinac. Anishnaabeg legends recall the ice packs breaking on Lake Nipissing and archeologists have found Anishinaabeg sites from 3000 B.C. Legends speak of immigrations to and from the Great Lakes over the centuries.

US Tribes Q-S
July 11, 2012

The Seminoles of Florida call themselves the “Unconquered People,” descendants of just 300 Indians who managed to elude capture by the U.S. army in the 19th century.

US Tribes Q-S
July 11, 2012

The Seneca-Cayuga Nation is a federally recognized tribe composed of mainly Seneca and Cayuga people, but also includes a few Tuscarora descendants.

US Tribes Q-S
July 11, 2012

The Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation shares this reservation with the Arapaho. Eastern Shoshone people belong to the Uto-Aztecan linguistic family, which once stretched from the Cascades in the northwest, to the northern plains of Wyoming, and southward to Mexico. Except for the Washos of California, this linguistic group included all the Indians in the Great Basin Area, including the Shoshonis, the Paiutes, the Bannocks, the Commanches and the Utes.

US Tribes Q-S
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