US Tribes A to B

Click on a letter of the alphabet to go to US Tribes starting with that letter. Where known, the official name is used. Linked tribal names go to their profile index page which will contain more links to sections of our site where you can find articles about that tribe and related tribes.


N -O-P

KEY:(F)= Federally Recognized, (S)= State Recognized, (T)= Terminated, (U)= Unrecognized, (M)= Mesoamerican Civilizations,(P)= Petitioning for Recognition, (C)= Canadian Tribes, (E)= Extinct, (IRA)= Indian Reorganization Act
Inclusion on this site does NOT mean an endorsement has been made for recognition of any particular tribe. All entities claiming to be US indian tribes that we are aware of have been included for completeness. Where known, we have indicated official tribal status with our Key Chart, based on information released by the BIA as of May 2016. In many cases we have not verified the validity of the claim of tribal status, and leave it to your own common sense or further research to validate tribal claims.Alternate names in parenthesis are either older names that were once used to identify that tribe, or they are misspellings.Links to tribal profile pages are at the bottom of the page.More links to tribal profile pages beginning with A and B are at the bottom of the page.
United States Indian tribes starting with A
Abenaki – See  State Recognized Tribes of Vermont.
Achomawi – See Pit River Indians (F) Acoma Pueblo: See Pueblo of Acoma (F) Alabama:

Alabama-Coushatta Tribe (Texas) (F)
Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town (Oklahoma) (F)

Alaskan Natives Anadarko – See Caddo Apache:

Apache Tribe of Oklahoma (F)
Aravaipa Apache – See San Carlos Apache Tribe
Bedonkohe – Chiricahua Apache Band name
Chiricahua – See San Carlos Apache Tribe, White Mountain Apache Tribe, and Fort Sill Apache Tribe
Choctaw-Apache (S)
Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma (F)
Jicarilla Apache Nation (New Mexico) (F)
Kiowa-Apache (Oklahoma) – See Apache Tribe of Oklahoma.
Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation (New Mexico) (F)
Lipan Apache (New Mexico (F) (Now part of the Mescalero Apache Tribe), Texas (U), Old Mexico
San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation🙁Arizona) (F)
Tonto Apache Tribe of Arizona (Western Apache)(F)
White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation Arizona)(F)
Yavapai-Apache Nation of the Camp Verde Indian Reservation (Arizona)(F)

Apsalooka (Apsaaloke) – See Crow Tribe of Montana (F) Arapaho: (Arapahoe, Arrapaho, Arrapahoe)

Arapahoe Tribe of the Wind River Reservation (Wyoming) (F)
Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes (Oklahoma) (F)

Arikara: (Arikari) – See Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation (North Dakota) (F) Assiniboine: (Assiniboin)

Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation (Montana) (F)
Fort Belknap Indian Community of the Fort Belknap Reservation of Montana (Assinaboine and Gros Ventre) (Montana)(F)

Atsina (Atsugewi, Atsuge, Atsugeyi, Atsukeyi, Atsuke) – Also known as Gros Ventre – See: Fort Belknap (Above)
Auburn Rancheria or  Auburn Indian Community – See United Auburn Indian Community of the Auburn Rancheria of California 
United States Indian tribes starting with B
Barona-Capitan Grande Diegueno Tribe (Barona Band of Mission Indians) – See Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California, and Viejas Band of Kumeyaay Bannock – See Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation (Idaho) Barbareño – A Chumash language spoken by ancestral villages located in what is now the general Santa Barbara area. Battle Mountain Tribe – See Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Beaver – See Beaver Creek Indians, a state recognized tribe located in South Carolina Bettol – See Mattole in Southern California Biloxi – See Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe of LouisianaBode’wadmi – See Potawatomi Bois Forte Band – See Minnesota Chippewa Tribe[back to TOP]

October 22, 2013

The members of the Blue Lake Rancheria include people with Wiyot, Yurok, Tolowa, and Cherokee ancestry. This tribe is made up of the remnant survivors of the people who once lived along the Eel and Mad Rivers in northern California. Priror to Euro-American settlement, the ancestors of the Blue Lake Rancheria Tribe were primarily Wiyot.

US Tribes A to B
July 14, 2012

Home :: US Tribes A to Z :: US Tribes A-B :: Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians of the Agua Caliente Indian Reservation

Who are the Agua Caliente Indians?

The Agua Caliente  Band of Cahuilla Indians is one of nine bands of Cahuilla Indians living in southern California. They are a federally recognized indian tribe.  The Cahuilla tribe of Native Americans have inhabited California for more than 2,000 years.

US Tribes A to B
July 14, 2012

Who is the Ak Chin Indian Community?

The Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation is a Native American community located in the Santa Cruz Valley in Arizona. The community is composed mainly of Akimel O’odham (Pima), and Tohono O’odham (Papago), as well as some Hia-Ced O’odham members.

US Tribes A to B
July 14, 2012

Home :: US Tribes A to Z :: US Tribes A-B :: Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas

Who are the Alabama-Coushatta Tribe?

The Alabama and Coushatta formed an inter-tribal friendship shortly after each tribe migrated into Texas. In the early 1800s, their original homelands were taken over by white settlers. Sam Houston recommended that the state purchase 1,280 acres for the Alabamas and set aside 640 acres for the Coushattas. The land for the Coushattas never materialized, so either through marriage or special permission, the Coushatta came to live on the allotted lands of the Alabamas – uniting the two to become the Alabama-Coushatta.

US Tribes A to B
July 14, 2012

Home :: US Tribes A to Z :: US Tribes A-B :: Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town

Who is the Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town?

Prior to the removal of the Muscogee Confederacy from their Southeastern homelands in the 1820’s and 30’s, the Alabama and Quassarte people each had a distinct identity as aTribal Town(or Tribe) of the Confederacy.  The Confederacy consisted of more than 44  of these “Towns” scattered throughout the Southeastern woodlands. 

US Tribes A to B
July 14, 2012

Home :: US Tribes A to Z :: US Tribes A-B :: Apache Tribe of Oklahoma

Who is the Apache Tribe?

Also known as the Plains Apache, there are many Apache tribes. The Apache Tribe of Oklahoma consider themselves as having always been a distinct linguistic and cultural group. They are descendants of Athabascan-speaking Apache groups who have inhabited the Plains since the 15th century and are members of the Eastern Apache branch which includes the Lipan, Jicarilla and Mescalero Apache tribes.

US Tribes A to B
July 14, 2012

Home :: US Tribes A to Z :: US Tribes A-B :: Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation

Who are the Arapaho Tribe?

The Northern Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation is one of four groups of Arapaho who originally occupied the headwaters of the Arkansas and Platte Rivers in what is now northeastern Colorado. Culturally, a Plains Indian tribe, the Arapaho are distinguished from other Plains tribes by their language, which is a variation of the Algonquin language. 

US Tribes A to B
July 14, 2012

Home :: US Tribes A to Z :: US Tribes A-B ::

Who are the Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes ?

The Fort Peck Reservation is home to two separate American Indian nations, each including numerous bands and divisions. The Sioux divisions of Sisseton, Wahpetons, Yanktonais, and the Teton Hunkpapa are all represented. The Assiniboine bands of Canoe Paddler and Red Bottom are also included in this tribe. Scholars believe that the Assiniboine broke away from Yanktonai Dakota (Sioux) in the 16th century.

US Tribes A to B
July 14, 2012

Home :: US Tribes A to Z :: US Tribes A-B :: Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians

Who are the Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians?

The Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians are the smallest tribal nation in the United States, consisting today of six family members who are all related to Tribal Chairperson Mary Ann Green, who is the owner the Augustine Casino. The Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians is a band of Native Americans based in Coachella, California. The namesake for the Augustine Tribe and Reservation was Captain Vee-Vee Augustine who was born in the year 1820.

US Tribes A to B
July 14, 2012

Who are the Bay Mills Indian Community?

The Bay Mills Indian Community (BMIC), is an Indian reservation forming the land base of one of the many Sault Ste. Marie bands of Chippewa Indians. (Not to be confused with the “Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians” located in Sault Ste. Marie, MI). It is also the tribal name of this federally recognized Indian tribe.

US Tribes A to B
July 14, 2012

Home :: US Tribes A to Z :: US Tribes A-B :: Blackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation of Montana

The Blackfeet and Blackfoot tribes are really the same tribe. There are three divisions of the Blackfoot Nation. When the US – Canadian border was drawn, those on the Canadian side of the boundary continued to be called by their traditional branch names.

US Tribes A to B
July 14, 2012

Home :: US Tribes A to Z :: US Tribes A-B :: Bridgeport Indian Colony

The Bridgeport Indian Colony became a federally recognized indian tribe on October 17, 1974. This tribe is located just outside of Bridgeport, California in the Eastern Sierra Mountain range.  The Bridgeport Indian Colony consists of descendants from the Miwok, Mono, Paiute, Shoshone, and Washoe tribes.

US Tribes A to B
July 14, 2012

The Burns Paiute Tribe is a federally recognized tribe located north of Burns, Oregon in Harney County. The current tribal members are primarily the descendants of the “Wadatika” band of Northern Paiute Indians that roamed in central and southern Oregon.

US Tribes A to B
July 11, 2012

Home :: US Tribes A to Z :: US Tribes A-B :: Bishop Paiute Tribe

The Bishop Paiute Tribe is a federally recognized indian tribe in California, located at the foot of the Eastern Sierra Nevada Mountains. They are the fifth largest tribe in California with around 2,000 enrolled members.

The Paiute people who live on the Bishop Paiute Reservation are descendants of the “Nu-Mu”, the original people of the Owens Valley.

US Tribes A to B
July 7, 2012

US Tribes A to Z :: US Tribes A-B :: Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma Index

Who are the Absentee-Shawnee tribe?

The ancestral homelands of the Shawnees are in the northeastern United States. During the 19th century, the tribe was removed by the U.S. Government to what is now the state of Kansas. The group which became known as the Absentee Shawnee Tribe absented itself from the reservation in Kansas in 1845 (thus their name), and traveled southwards to Texas.

US Tribes A to B