Southeast Tribes

Southeast Tribes
Historical Tribes in Southeast Region (above)

Location: Alabama | ArkansasFlorida | Georgia | Kentucky | LouisianaMississippi | North Carolina |  South Carolina | Tennessee
Terrain: Appalachian Mountains, Piedmont, Mississippi River Valley, Swamps, Woodlands

Abihka, Alabama
Adaes – see Adai
Acolapissa, Louisiana
Adahi – see Adai
Adai (Adaizan, Adaizi, Adaise, Adahi, Adaes, Adees, Atayos), Louisiana
Adaise – see Adai
Adaizan – see Adai
Adaizi – see Adai
Adees – see Adai
Ais, Florida
Akokisa, Texas southeast coast
Alabama, Alabama
Alafay (Alafia, Pojoy, Pohoy, Costas Alafeyes, Alafaya Costas), Florida
Amacano, Florida
Apalachee, Florida
Apalachicola, Georgia, Florida
Atakapa (Attacapa), Louisiana west coast
Atayos – see Adai
Attacapa – see Atakapa
Avoyel (“little Natchez”), northern Texas
Backhooks Nation (=Pahoc ?), South Carolina
Bayogoula, southeastern Louisiana
Bidai, eastern Texas
Biloxi, Mississippi
Boca Ratones, Florida
Caddo, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas
Calusa, Florida
Cape Fear Indians, North Carolina southern coast
Catawba, South Carolina
Chatot (tribe) (Chacato, Chactoo), West Florida
Cheraw (Chara, Charàh), North Carolina
Cherokee, North Carolina, Eastern Tennessee; later Oklahoma
Chickahominy, Virginia
Chickamauga, A Branch of Cherokee in Southeastern Tennessee, Northeastern Georgia
Chickanee (Chiquini), North Carolina
Chickasaw, Mississippi, South Carolina, North Carolina, later Oklahoma
Chine, Florida
Chisca (Cisca), Florida
Chitimacha, Louisiana
Choctaw, Mississippi, Alabama, and parts of Louisiana; later Oklahoma
Creek, Alabama; Oklahoma, Georgia
Congaree (Canggaree), South Carolina
Coree, North Carolina
Coushatta, Louisiana
Coharie, North Carolina
Cusabo, coastal South Carolina
Eno (people), North Carolina
Eyeish (Hais, Aliche, Aiche), eastern Texas
Garza, Texas, northern Mexico
Guacata (Santalûces), Florida
Guacozo, Florida
Guazoco, Florida
Guale (Iguaja, Ybaja), coastal Georgia & Florida
Hitchiti Georgia, Alabama, Florida
Hooks Nation (=Huaq ?), South Carolina
Houma, Louisiana
Jaega, Florida
Jobe (Hobe), Florida, part of Jaega
Jororo, Florida
Keyauwee, North Carolina
Luca (tribe), Florida
Lumbee, North Carolina
Manahoac, Virginia
Mattaponi, Virginia
Matecumbe (Matacumbêses, Matacumbe, Matacombe), Florida coast
Mayaca (tribe), Florida
Mayaimi, Florida
Mayajuaca, Florida
Meherrin, North Carolina
Mikasuki (Miccosukee), Florida
Mobila (Mobile, Movila), Alabama, western Florida(?)
Mocoso, Florida
Monacan, Virginia
Monyton (Moneton, Monekot, Moheton) (Siouan), West Virginia, Virginia
Mougoulacha, southeastern Louisiana
Nahyssan, Virginia
Naniaba, Alabama

Nansemond, Virginia
Natchez, Mississippi, Louisiana
Neusiok (Newasiwac, Neuse River Indians), North Carolina
Occaneechi (Siouan) ,Virginia
Oconee, Georgia, Florida
Okchai (Ogchay)
Okelousa, Louisiana
Opelousa, Louisiana
Osochee (Oswichee, Usachi, Oosécha)
Pacara, Florida
Pakana (Pacâni, Pagna, Pasquenan, Pak-ká-na, Pacanas)
Pamlico, North Carolina
Pamunkey, Virginia
Pascagoula, Mississippi coast
Patiri ,southeastern Texas
Pee Dee, South Carolina, North Carolina
Pensacola, Florida panhandle
Quinipissa ,southeastern Louisiana
Rappahannock Tribe, Virginia
Saluda (Saludee, Saruti), South Carolina
Santee (Seretee, Sarati, Sati, Sattees), South Carolina (See: Santee Sioux, Dakota Sioux)
Santa Luces, Florida
Saura, North Carolina
Sawokli (Sawakola, Sabacola, Sabacôla, Savacola), Florida
Saxapahaw (Sissipahua, Shacioes), North Carolina
Seminole, Florida, Oklahoma
Sewee (Suye, Joye, Xoye, Soya), South Carolina coast
Shoccoree (Schockoorees ?), North Carolina (also Virginia?)
Sugeree (Sagarees, Sugaws, Sugar, Succa), South Carolina
Surruque ,Florida
Suteree (Sitteree, Sutarees, Sataree), North Carolina
Tawasa, Virginia
Tequesta, Florida
Terocodame, Texas and Mexico


Timucua, Florida, Georgia

Acuera, Florida
Agua Fresca, Florida
Arapaha, Florida
Itafi (or Icafui), Florida
Mocama, Florida, Georgia
Northern Utina, Florida,
Ocale, Florida
Oconi ,Florida, Georgia
Potano, Florida
Tucururu, Florida
Yufera, Georgia
Yustaga, Florida

Tocaste, Florida
Tocobaga, Florida
Tohomé, Alabama
Tomahitan, eastern Tennessee
Topachula, Florida
Tukabatchee (Tuk-ke-bat-che)
Tuscarora, North Carolina, Virginia (later Niagara Falls, NY)
Tunica, Mississippi
Utiza, Florida
Vicela, Florida
Viscaynos, Florida
Waccamaw, South Carolina
Wateree (Guatari, Watterees), North Carolina
Waxhaw (Waxsaws, Wisack, Wisacky, Weesock, Flathead), South Carolina
Westo, Virginia, South Carolina
Wetumpka (Wee-tam-ka)
Winyaw, South Carolina
Yamasee, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina

Southeast Tribes

Ais Florida
Alabama Alabama
Apalachee Florida
Biloxi Mississippi
Caddo Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas
Calusa Florida
Catawba South Carolina
Cherokee North Carolina; later Oklahoma
Chickahominy Virginia
Chickasaw Mississippi, South Carolina, North Carolina, later Oklahoma
Chitimacha Louisiana
Choctaw Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama; later Oklahoma
Creek Alabama; Oklahoma, Georgia
Coahuiltecan Texas
Coushatta Louisiana
Coharie North Carolina
Houma Louisiana
Jeaga Florida
Lumbee North Carolina
Mattaponi Virginia
Meherrin North Carolina
Mikasuki Florida
Monacan Virginia
Nansemond Virginia
Natchez Mississippi, Louisiana
Pamlico (Carolina)
Pamunkey Virginia
Pee Dee South Carolina, North Carolina
Rappahannock Virginia
Seminole Florida; Oklahoma
Tekesta Florida
Timucua (Utina) Florida
Topachula Florida
Tuscarora North Carolina, Virginia (later Niagra Falls, NY)
Tunica Mississippi
Waccamaw North Carolina, South Carolina

Contemporary federally recognized Southeastern Woodlands tribes

Alabama-Coushatta Tribes of Texas
Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma
Caddo Nation of Oklahoma
Catawba Indian Nation, South Carolina
Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma
Chickasaw Nation, Oklahoma
Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, North Carolina
Jena Band of Choctaw Indians, Louisiana
Kialegee Tribal Town, Oklahoma
Miccosukee Tribe of Indians, Florida
Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Mississippi
Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Oklahoma
Poarch Band of Creeks, Alabama
Seminole Nation of Oklahoma
Seminole Tribe of Florida
Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma
Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe of Louisiana
United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma


Great Basin
Great Plains

NW Coast
Sub Arctic


January 1, 2017

At the time of European contact, the Cherokee inhabited a region consisting of what is now western North Carolina and parts of Virginia, Georgia, and eastern Tennessee. Over the next two centuries, the tribe expanded through the southern Appalachians, reaching further into Georgia as well as into South Carolina, northeastern Alabama, and across the Cumberland River into Kentucky and West Virginia; some of this expansion occurred following the displacement of other tribes.

By the 1780s, Cherokee migration into Arkansas had begun, largely in response to pressure to move away from Euro-American settlements in the East following the Revolutionary War.

Cherokee Indians
August 20, 2016
The history of early Georgia is largely the history of the Creek Indians. For most of Georgia’s colonial period, Creeks outnumbered both European colonists and enslaved Africans and occupied more land than these newcomers. Not until the 1760s did the Creeks become a minority population in Georgia. They ceded the balance of their lands to the new state in the 1800s.

Muscogee (Creek) Tribes
April 27, 2007

AUTHOR: Sue Reisinger, Seminole Corporate Counsel

Several times last autumn, the Florida Seminoles’ efforts to buy Hard Rock Cafe International Inc. hit a snag. Some tribal leaders balked at spending nearly a billion dollars for the hotel/restaurant/casino franchise; they didn’t want to hear advice from outsiders, such as Wall Street investment bankers, to go ahead with the deal. It was tribe’s general counsel, Jim Shore — the first Seminole to graduate from law school — who saved the day and the deal.

He oversaw the negotiations, worked with the bankers, and supervised the tribe’s outside lawyers. Then he soothed the leaders’ anxiety. For seven months he repeatedly called, visited or emailed the tribe’s five elected council members, answering their questions, easing their doubts, and sharing his vision for the Seminoles’ future. The leaders were “a little bit cautious because we’re talking big bucks here. They had to be satisfied with the numbers,” Shore says.

But in the end Shore and the Seminoles prevailed over 69 other bidders. On Dec. 7 the tribe announced that it had reached an agreement to buy the Hard Rock franchise for $965 million from the London-based Rank Group Plc. Rank’s shareholders approved the sale on Jan. 8, and the deal closed last March. The Seminole Indians gained control of the two Hard Rock casinos on Florida Seminole reservations, plus 124 Hard Rock Cafes in 45 countries, five hotels, two Hard Rock live performance venues, and the Hard Rock brand name.

Seminole Indians
October 20, 2005

The Creeks were overwhelmingly opposed to allotment or any change in the treaty of 1832, which had forced them to move to Indian Territory. One full-blood expressed a common sentiment when he told a Senate investigating committee that “I love my treaty, and I want my old treaty back.”(21) He went on to say that “I will never stop asking for this treaty, the old treaty that our fathers made with the Government which gave us this land forever … as long as the grass grows, water runs, and the sun rises.”(22)

At a meeting held in Okmulgee on April 3, 1894, the commissioners explained at great length to a crowd of nearly three thousand (mostly full-bloods) all of the benefits allotment would bring, but the entire group “voted” against the plan.(23)

Muscogee (Creek) Tribes
March 30, 2005

The First Seminole War

Following the War of 1812 between the United States and Britain, American slave owners came to Florida in search of runaway African slaves and Indians. These Indians, known as the Seminole, and the runaway slaves had been trading weapons with the British throughout the early 1800s and supported Britain during the War of 1812. From 1817-1818, the United States Army invaded Spanish Florida and fought against the Seminole and their African American allies. Collectively, these battles came to be known as the First Seminole War.

Seminole Indians
March 30, 2005

There have been many very notable and honored Chiefs that lived in the Arkansas Territory. Some have claimed Dangerous Man from the Cherokee legend of the Lost Cherokee resided in Arkansas for a time, however we will stick to what we know as fact, as that is usually the best policy when doing legitimate research.

Cherokee Indians
March 28, 2005

The Cherokee Nation once encompassed parts of eastern Kentucky and Tennessee, western West Virginia, southwestern Virginia, western North Carolina, northern Alabama, northwestern South Carolina and northern Georgia. Genealogy issues are further complicated by the infamous removal of the Cherokee to Oklahoma on the Trail of Tears in the late 1830s.

Cherokee Indians
March 28, 2005

The Creek Indians were a confederation of tribes that belonged primarily to the Muskhogean linguistic group, which also included the Choctaws and Chickasaws. The Muskogees were the dominant tribe of the confederacy, but all members eventually came to be known collectively as Creek Indians.

Muscogee (Creek) Tribes
March 28, 2005

In 1976, Cherokee voters ratified a new Cherokee Constitution, which changed the ways of measuring tribal membership. At that time, it was determined that anyone who could trace direct descent from the Dawes Rolls, a census taken between 1902-1907, could become a registered citizen of the Cherokee Nation. There are now over 165,00 registered Cherokee citizens. Here is how to determine if you might be eligible for enrollment in a Cherokee tribe.

Cherokee Indians
March 28, 2005

The different Census Rolls are given control numbers by the National Archives so they may be ordered, such as M-1234. The rolls are usually named for the person taking the census. Each roll pertains to a particular year so it is important to select the year that applies to the individual whom you are looking to find. I usually like to start with the Guion Miller Roll. The claims had to be on file by August 31, 1907. In 1909 Miller stated that 45,847 separate applications had been filed representing a total of about 90,000 individuals; 3436 resided east, and 27,384 were residing West of the Mississippi.

Cherokee Indians
March 28, 2005

The records relating to the Creek Indians are actually records of a number of different Indian tribes who belonged to confederacy of which the Muskoke or Creek (as they were called by the Europeans) were the principal power. The confederacy included various Muscogee people such as the Okfuskee, Otciapofa, Abikha, Okchai, Hilibi, Fus-hatchee, Tulsa, Coosa, as well as the Alabama, Natchez, Koasati and possibly some Shawnee who settled among them.

Muscogee (Creek) Tribes
December 11, 2004

The most dreaded of all Cherokee witches is the Raven Mocker, who robs the dying of their life. A Raven Mocker can be of either sex, and there is no real way to know one. They usually look old and withered, because they have added so many lives to their own. During the night when someone is sick or dying, the Raven Mocker goes there to take the life. He flies through the air with his arms outstretched like wings.

Cherokee Indians
May 9, 2004

Nearly every day, some determined person with pale skin and blue eyes comes to Lela Ummerteskee from far away, ready to fulfill a dream and register as an American Indian.

Not everyone has a rock-solid pedigree. The tribal enrollment officer for the Cherokee Nation has been presented with everything from an X-ray of a head purporting to show Indian cheekbones to scraped-off patches of skin — all offered as proof that a distant ancestor was Native American.

Cherokee Indians
December 27, 2001

The Cherokee War of 1839 was the culmination of friction between the Cherokee, Kickapoo, and Shawnee Indians and the white settlers in Northeast Texas. The Indians, who had obtained squatters’ rights to the land from Spanish authorities, were promised title to the land by the Consultation, and on February 23, 1836, a treaty made by […]

Cherokee Indians
July 20, 2001

Of all the injustices done to Native Americans, none equals the cruelty and betrayal culminating in the tragic “Trail of Tears” when the Cherokee Nation was forcefully driven out of the North Carolina mountains and marched 1,200 miles to Oklahoma.

Those Cherokee who survived the journey to Oklahoma are known as the Western Band, or better known today as the Cherokee Nation. Descendants of those who hid in the Great Smoky Mountains to avoid removal are known as the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians.

Cherokee Indians
July 19, 2000

Tribal enrollment requirements for the Seminole Nation in Oklahoma are changing.

In a July 2000 referendum election, tribal members voted to require a one-eighth quantum of Seminole blood as a part of enrollment requirements. Former open enrollment requirements did not specify blood quantum as a part of the process.

Seminole Indians