Ontario, along the coast of Hudson Bay and northern west coast of James Bay, and inland into Saskatchewan.
York Cree, West Shore Cree, West Main Cree
Eastern Swampy Cree, Western Swampy Cree. Both nonpalatalized n-dialect and l-dialect within Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi language complex or dialect cluster.
Algic -> Algonquian -> Central -> Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi ->Swampy Cree
4,500 (1982 SIL). All Cree first-language speakers in Canada 60,000 (1991 M. Dale Kinkade). Ethnic population: 5,000.
Vigorous. Speakers also use English.
Literacy rate in first language: 5% to 10%. Literacy rate in second language: 50% to 75%. Cree syllabary, western finals. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1976.