October 13, 2005

Swampy Cree is an indigenous language of Canada



Ontario, along the coast of Hudson Bay and northern west coast of James Bay, and inland into Saskatchewan.

Alternate names:

York Cree, West Shore Cree, West Main Cree


Eastern Swampy Cree, Western Swampy Cree. Both nonpalatalized n-dialect and l-dialect within Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi language complex or dialect cluster.


Algic -> Algonquian -> Central -> Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi ->Swampy Cree


4,500 (1982 SIL). All Cree first-language speakers in Canada 60,000 (1991 M. Dale Kinkade). Ethnic population: 5,000.

Language use:

Vigorous. Speakers also use English.

Language development:

Literacy rate in first language: 5% to 10%. Literacy rate in second language: 50% to 75%. Cree syllabary, western finals. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1976.

Plains Cree Language
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