Native American Tribes of the United States

    July 20, 2001

    Of all the injustices done to Native Americans, none equals the cruelty and betrayal culminating in the tragic “Trail of Tears” when the Cherokee Nation was forcefully driven out of the North Carolina mountains and marched 1,200 miles to Oklahoma.

    Those Cherokee who survived the journey to Oklahoma are known as the Western Band, or better known today as the Cherokee Nation. Descendants of those who hid in the Great Smoky Mountains to avoid removal are known as the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians.

    Cherokee Indians
    July 19, 2001

    At the time European settlers arrived in the Chesapeake Bay, the region was occupied by approximately 13,000 to 14,000 Powhatan Indians. The Powhatan settlements were concentrated along the rivers, which provided food and transportation.

    State Tribes N-P
    July 19, 2001

    At the time of first sustained contact with the Indians of southern New England—that is, the early 1600s—the Pequots controlled a sizable portion of what is now eastern Connecticut. Beginning near New London, their territory extended northward along the ridge that separates the Thames and Connecticut Rivers to the headwaters of the Thames.

    Connecticut Indian Tribes
    July 19, 2000

    Tribal enrollment requirements for the Seminole Nation in Oklahoma are changing.

    In a July 2000 referendum election, tribal members voted to require a one-eighth quantum of Seminole blood as a part of enrollment requirements. Former open enrollment requirements did not specify blood quantum as a part of the process.

    Seminole Indians